Image theory, social identity, and social dominance

Structural characteristics and individual motives underlying international images

Michele G. Alexander, Shana Levin, Pj Henry

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    The present study provides an empirical test of international relations image theory and extends the theory by emphasizing that individuals ' social identity and social dominance motives contribute to such images. One hundred forty-five Lebanese participants completed a survey that assessed their perceptions of U.S.-Lebanese relations, the images they have of the United States, their social identities, and their social dominance orientations. Participants were more likely to hold the barbarian image of the United States than the enemy, imperialist, or ally images. Participants also tended to perceive the United States as having relatively superior power, inferior cultural status, and goals that are incompatible with those of Lebanon. Consistent with image theory predictions, this constellation of structural perceptions was associated with stronger endorsement of the barbarian image. Further-more, participants were more likely to endorse the barbarian image of the United States the more they identified with Arabs and Palestinians, the less they identified with Christians and the Western world, and the lower their social dominance orientation. Results highlight the importance of considering both structural characteristics and individual motives underlying international images and demonstrate the need for scholars to move beyond the enemy image of nations when describing international relations.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)27-45
    Number of pages19
    JournalPolitical Psychology
    Volume26
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jan 1 2005

    Fingerprint

    Social Dominance
    Social Identification
    Internationality
    Lebanon
    Western World
    international relations
    image of the enemy
    Social Identity Theory
    Western world
    Palestinian
    allies
    Arab

    Keywords

    • International Images
    • Social Dominance
    • Social Identity

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Social Psychology
    • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
    • Clinical Psychology
    • Sociology and Political Science
    • Philosophy
    • Political Science and International Relations

    Cite this

    Image theory, social identity, and social dominance : Structural characteristics and individual motives underlying international images. / Alexander, Michele G.; Levin, Shana; Henry, Pj.

    In: Political Psychology, Vol. 26, No. 1, 01.01.2005, p. 27-45.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    @article{3320aed93f82496ab6ea6e551d45a794,
    title = "Image theory, social identity, and social dominance: Structural characteristics and individual motives underlying international images",
    abstract = "The present study provides an empirical test of international relations image theory and extends the theory by emphasizing that individuals ' social identity and social dominance motives contribute to such images. One hundred forty-five Lebanese participants completed a survey that assessed their perceptions of U.S.-Lebanese relations, the images they have of the United States, their social identities, and their social dominance orientations. Participants were more likely to hold the barbarian image of the United States than the enemy, imperialist, or ally images. Participants also tended to perceive the United States as having relatively superior power, inferior cultural status, and goals that are incompatible with those of Lebanon. Consistent with image theory predictions, this constellation of structural perceptions was associated with stronger endorsement of the barbarian image. Further-more, participants were more likely to endorse the barbarian image of the United States the more they identified with Arabs and Palestinians, the less they identified with Christians and the Western world, and the lower their social dominance orientation. Results highlight the importance of considering both structural characteristics and individual motives underlying international images and demonstrate the need for scholars to move beyond the enemy image of nations when describing international relations.",
    keywords = "International Images, Social Dominance, Social Identity",
    author = "Alexander, {Michele G.} and Shana Levin and Pj Henry",
    year = "2005",
    month = "1",
    day = "1",
    doi = "10.1111/j.1467-9221.2005.00408.x",
    language = "English (US)",
    volume = "26",
    pages = "27--45",
    journal = "Political Psychology",
    issn = "0162-895X",
    publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
    number = "1",

    }

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Image theory, social identity, and social dominance

    T2 - Structural characteristics and individual motives underlying international images

    AU - Alexander, Michele G.

    AU - Levin, Shana

    AU - Henry, Pj

    PY - 2005/1/1

    Y1 - 2005/1/1

    N2 - The present study provides an empirical test of international relations image theory and extends the theory by emphasizing that individuals ' social identity and social dominance motives contribute to such images. One hundred forty-five Lebanese participants completed a survey that assessed their perceptions of U.S.-Lebanese relations, the images they have of the United States, their social identities, and their social dominance orientations. Participants were more likely to hold the barbarian image of the United States than the enemy, imperialist, or ally images. Participants also tended to perceive the United States as having relatively superior power, inferior cultural status, and goals that are incompatible with those of Lebanon. Consistent with image theory predictions, this constellation of structural perceptions was associated with stronger endorsement of the barbarian image. Further-more, participants were more likely to endorse the barbarian image of the United States the more they identified with Arabs and Palestinians, the less they identified with Christians and the Western world, and the lower their social dominance orientation. Results highlight the importance of considering both structural characteristics and individual motives underlying international images and demonstrate the need for scholars to move beyond the enemy image of nations when describing international relations.

    AB - The present study provides an empirical test of international relations image theory and extends the theory by emphasizing that individuals ' social identity and social dominance motives contribute to such images. One hundred forty-five Lebanese participants completed a survey that assessed their perceptions of U.S.-Lebanese relations, the images they have of the United States, their social identities, and their social dominance orientations. Participants were more likely to hold the barbarian image of the United States than the enemy, imperialist, or ally images. Participants also tended to perceive the United States as having relatively superior power, inferior cultural status, and goals that are incompatible with those of Lebanon. Consistent with image theory predictions, this constellation of structural perceptions was associated with stronger endorsement of the barbarian image. Further-more, participants were more likely to endorse the barbarian image of the United States the more they identified with Arabs and Palestinians, the less they identified with Christians and the Western world, and the lower their social dominance orientation. Results highlight the importance of considering both structural characteristics and individual motives underlying international images and demonstrate the need for scholars to move beyond the enemy image of nations when describing international relations.

    KW - International Images

    KW - Social Dominance

    KW - Social Identity

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=13444301321&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=13444301321&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.1111/j.1467-9221.2005.00408.x

    DO - 10.1111/j.1467-9221.2005.00408.x

    M3 - Article

    VL - 26

    SP - 27

    EP - 45

    JO - Political Psychology

    JF - Political Psychology

    SN - 0162-895X

    IS - 1

    ER -