Ideological asymmetries in conformity, desire for shared reality, and the spread of misinformation

John Jost, Sander van der Linden, Costas Panagopoulos, Curtis D. Hardin

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Ideological belief systems arise from epistemic, existential, and relational motives to reduce uncertainty, threat, and social discord. According to system justification theory, however, some ideologies — such as those that are conservative, religious, and legitimizing of the status quo — are especially appealing to people whose epistemic, existential, and relational motives are chronically or temporarily heightened. In this article, we focus on relational motivation, describing evidence that conservatives are more likely than liberals to: prioritize values of conformity and tradition; possess a strong desire to share reality with like-minded others; perceive within-group consensus when making political and non-political judgments; be influenced by implicit relational cues and sources who are perceived as similar to them; and maintain homogenous social networks and favor an ‘echo chamber’ environment that is conducive to the spread of misinformation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)77-83
Number of pages7
JournalCurrent Opinion in Psychology
Volume23
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2018

Fingerprint

Social Support
Uncertainty
Cues
Motivation
Consensus
Communication

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Ideological asymmetries in conformity, desire for shared reality, and the spread of misinformation. / Jost, John; van der Linden, Sander; Panagopoulos, Costas; Hardin, Curtis D.

In: Current Opinion in Psychology, Vol. 23, 01.10.2018, p. 77-83.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Jost, John ; van der Linden, Sander ; Panagopoulos, Costas ; Hardin, Curtis D. / Ideological asymmetries in conformity, desire for shared reality, and the spread of misinformation. In: Current Opinion in Psychology. 2018 ; Vol. 23. pp. 77-83.
@article{6e5f6c0b64c34c62b38378d7490595d8,
title = "Ideological asymmetries in conformity, desire for shared reality, and the spread of misinformation",
abstract = "Ideological belief systems arise from epistemic, existential, and relational motives to reduce uncertainty, threat, and social discord. According to system justification theory, however, some ideologies — such as those that are conservative, religious, and legitimizing of the status quo — are especially appealing to people whose epistemic, existential, and relational motives are chronically or temporarily heightened. In this article, we focus on relational motivation, describing evidence that conservatives are more likely than liberals to: prioritize values of conformity and tradition; possess a strong desire to share reality with like-minded others; perceive within-group consensus when making political and non-political judgments; be influenced by implicit relational cues and sources who are perceived as similar to them; and maintain homogenous social networks and favor an ‘echo chamber’ environment that is conducive to the spread of misinformation.",
author = "John Jost and {van der Linden}, Sander and Costas Panagopoulos and Hardin, {Curtis D.}",
year = "2018",
month = "10",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.copsyc.2018.01.003",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "23",
pages = "77--83",
journal = "Current Opinion in Psychology",
issn = "2352-250X",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Ideological asymmetries in conformity, desire for shared reality, and the spread of misinformation

AU - Jost, John

AU - van der Linden, Sander

AU - Panagopoulos, Costas

AU - Hardin, Curtis D.

PY - 2018/10/1

Y1 - 2018/10/1

N2 - Ideological belief systems arise from epistemic, existential, and relational motives to reduce uncertainty, threat, and social discord. According to system justification theory, however, some ideologies — such as those that are conservative, religious, and legitimizing of the status quo — are especially appealing to people whose epistemic, existential, and relational motives are chronically or temporarily heightened. In this article, we focus on relational motivation, describing evidence that conservatives are more likely than liberals to: prioritize values of conformity and tradition; possess a strong desire to share reality with like-minded others; perceive within-group consensus when making political and non-political judgments; be influenced by implicit relational cues and sources who are perceived as similar to them; and maintain homogenous social networks and favor an ‘echo chamber’ environment that is conducive to the spread of misinformation.

AB - Ideological belief systems arise from epistemic, existential, and relational motives to reduce uncertainty, threat, and social discord. According to system justification theory, however, some ideologies — such as those that are conservative, religious, and legitimizing of the status quo — are especially appealing to people whose epistemic, existential, and relational motives are chronically or temporarily heightened. In this article, we focus on relational motivation, describing evidence that conservatives are more likely than liberals to: prioritize values of conformity and tradition; possess a strong desire to share reality with like-minded others; perceive within-group consensus when making political and non-political judgments; be influenced by implicit relational cues and sources who are perceived as similar to them; and maintain homogenous social networks and favor an ‘echo chamber’ environment that is conducive to the spread of misinformation.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85042913345&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85042913345&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.copsyc.2018.01.003

DO - 10.1016/j.copsyc.2018.01.003

M3 - Review article

VL - 23

SP - 77

EP - 83

JO - Current Opinion in Psychology

JF - Current Opinion in Psychology

SN - 2352-250X

ER -