Identifying the Effects of Income on Children's Development Using Experimental Data

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Prior research suggests that poverty can be detrimental to low-income children's development. Is this relation capturing the effects of poverty or the effects of other characteristics of low-income families associated with poverty? Can low-income children benefit from increases in income? In this paper, an instrumental variables estimation strategy is used with data on nearly 900 children from a random assignment evaluation of a pilot welfare reform program in Minnesota in order to answer these questions and to identify the causal effects of income on children's development. There are some suggestions that increased income improves the development of low-income children, at least with regard to their school engagement and positive social behavior. Results are discussed with regard to their implication for analysis, as well as research and policy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)716-729
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Marriage and Family
Volume65
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2003

Fingerprint

low income
income
poverty
child benefit
reform program
social behavior
welfare
Income
Child Development
evaluation
school
Poverty

Keywords

  • Experimental data
  • Income
  • Instrumental variables estimation
  • Poverty

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

Identifying the Effects of Income on Children's Development Using Experimental Data. / Morris, Pamela A.; Gennetian, Lisa.

In: Journal of Marriage and Family, Vol. 65, No. 3, 08.2003, p. 716-729.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{fcdb21f56f8645cbb8355ea7076260f0,
title = "Identifying the Effects of Income on Children's Development Using Experimental Data",
abstract = "Prior research suggests that poverty can be detrimental to low-income children's development. Is this relation capturing the effects of poverty or the effects of other characteristics of low-income families associated with poverty? Can low-income children benefit from increases in income? In this paper, an instrumental variables estimation strategy is used with data on nearly 900 children from a random assignment evaluation of a pilot welfare reform program in Minnesota in order to answer these questions and to identify the causal effects of income on children's development. There are some suggestions that increased income improves the development of low-income children, at least with regard to their school engagement and positive social behavior. Results are discussed with regard to their implication for analysis, as well as research and policy.",
keywords = "Experimental data, Income, Instrumental variables estimation, Poverty",
author = "Morris, {Pamela A.} and Lisa Gennetian",
year = "2003",
month = "8",
doi = "10.1111/j.1741-3737.2003.00716.x",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "65",
pages = "716--729",
journal = "Journal of Marriage and Family",
issn = "0022-2445",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Identifying the Effects of Income on Children's Development Using Experimental Data

AU - Morris, Pamela A.

AU - Gennetian, Lisa

PY - 2003/8

Y1 - 2003/8

N2 - Prior research suggests that poverty can be detrimental to low-income children's development. Is this relation capturing the effects of poverty or the effects of other characteristics of low-income families associated with poverty? Can low-income children benefit from increases in income? In this paper, an instrumental variables estimation strategy is used with data on nearly 900 children from a random assignment evaluation of a pilot welfare reform program in Minnesota in order to answer these questions and to identify the causal effects of income on children's development. There are some suggestions that increased income improves the development of low-income children, at least with regard to their school engagement and positive social behavior. Results are discussed with regard to their implication for analysis, as well as research and policy.

AB - Prior research suggests that poverty can be detrimental to low-income children's development. Is this relation capturing the effects of poverty or the effects of other characteristics of low-income families associated with poverty? Can low-income children benefit from increases in income? In this paper, an instrumental variables estimation strategy is used with data on nearly 900 children from a random assignment evaluation of a pilot welfare reform program in Minnesota in order to answer these questions and to identify the causal effects of income on children's development. There are some suggestions that increased income improves the development of low-income children, at least with regard to their school engagement and positive social behavior. Results are discussed with regard to their implication for analysis, as well as research and policy.

KW - Experimental data

KW - Income

KW - Instrumental variables estimation

KW - Poverty

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0041917566&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0041917566&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/j.1741-3737.2003.00716.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1741-3737.2003.00716.x

M3 - Article

VL - 65

SP - 716

EP - 729

JO - Journal of Marriage and Family

JF - Journal of Marriage and Family

SN - 0022-2445

IS - 3

ER -