Hyperfine structure and nuclear moments of promethium-147 and promethium-151

Burton Budick, Richard Marrus

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    The atomic-beam magnetic-resonance method has been used to measure the hyperfine structure of the H726 level in two promethium isotopes. The spins of these isotopes have been verified to be I(Pm147)=72 and I(Pm151)=52. The electronic splitting factor (gJ) has been measured for the H726 level and is found to be gJ=-0.8279(4), in good agreement with the predicted value. The hyperfine constants and the nuclear moments inferred from them are found to be for Pm147: |A|=447.1(9.3)Mc/sec,|B|=267.5(70.8)Mc/sec,BA<0, |μI|=3.2(3) nm,|Q|=0.7(3)bQμ>0; and for Pm151: |A|=358(23)Mc/sec,|B|=777(94)Mc/sec,BA<0, |μI|=1.8(2)nm,|Q|=1.9(3)b,Qμ>0. The nuclear moments are corrected for the breakdown of Russell-Saunders coupling. The stated errors include uncertainties in the fields at the nucleus arising from errors in the value of and the neglect of core polarization on the magnetic hyperfine structure. Corrections due to the Sternheimer effect have not been included. The measurements are shown to be consistent with the hypothesis that Pm147 is not highly deformed and can be understood from the shell model, but that Pm151 is highly deformed and must be interpreted by the collective model.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)723-728
    Number of pages6
    JournalPhysical Review
    Volume132
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 1963

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    promethium
    hyperfine structure
    promethium isotopes
    moments
    atomic beams
    magnetic resonance
    isotopes
    breakdown
    nuclei
    polarization
    electronics

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Physics and Astronomy(all)

    Cite this

    Hyperfine structure and nuclear moments of promethium-147 and promethium-151. / Budick, Burton; Marrus, Richard.

    In: Physical Review, Vol. 132, No. 2, 1963, p. 723-728.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Budick, Burton ; Marrus, Richard. / Hyperfine structure and nuclear moments of promethium-147 and promethium-151. In: Physical Review. 1963 ; Vol. 132, No. 2. pp. 723-728.
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    abstract = "The atomic-beam magnetic-resonance method has been used to measure the hyperfine structure of the H726 level in two promethium isotopes. The spins of these isotopes have been verified to be I(Pm147)=72 and I(Pm151)=52. The electronic splitting factor (gJ) has been measured for the H726 level and is found to be gJ=-0.8279(4), in good agreement with the predicted value. The hyperfine constants and the nuclear moments inferred from them are found to be for Pm147: |A|=447.1(9.3)Mc/sec,|B|=267.5(70.8)Mc/sec,BA<0, |μI|=3.2(3) nm,|Q|=0.7(3)bQμ>0; and for Pm151: |A|=358(23)Mc/sec,|B|=777(94)Mc/sec,BA<0, |μI|=1.8(2)nm,|Q|=1.9(3)b,Qμ>0. The nuclear moments are corrected for the breakdown of Russell-Saunders coupling. The stated errors include uncertainties in the fields at the nucleus arising from errors in the value of and the neglect of core polarization on the magnetic hyperfine structure. Corrections due to the Sternheimer effect have not been included. The measurements are shown to be consistent with the hypothesis that Pm147 is not highly deformed and can be understood from the shell model, but that Pm151 is highly deformed and must be interpreted by the collective model.",
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    N2 - The atomic-beam magnetic-resonance method has been used to measure the hyperfine structure of the H726 level in two promethium isotopes. The spins of these isotopes have been verified to be I(Pm147)=72 and I(Pm151)=52. The electronic splitting factor (gJ) has been measured for the H726 level and is found to be gJ=-0.8279(4), in good agreement with the predicted value. The hyperfine constants and the nuclear moments inferred from them are found to be for Pm147: |A|=447.1(9.3)Mc/sec,|B|=267.5(70.8)Mc/sec,BA<0, |μI|=3.2(3) nm,|Q|=0.7(3)bQμ>0; and for Pm151: |A|=358(23)Mc/sec,|B|=777(94)Mc/sec,BA<0, |μI|=1.8(2)nm,|Q|=1.9(3)b,Qμ>0. The nuclear moments are corrected for the breakdown of Russell-Saunders coupling. The stated errors include uncertainties in the fields at the nucleus arising from errors in the value of and the neglect of core polarization on the magnetic hyperfine structure. Corrections due to the Sternheimer effect have not been included. The measurements are shown to be consistent with the hypothesis that Pm147 is not highly deformed and can be understood from the shell model, but that Pm151 is highly deformed and must be interpreted by the collective model.

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