Hydrodynamic capture of microswimmers into sphere-bound orbits

Daisuke Takagi, Jérémie Palacci, Adam B. Braunschweig, Michael Shelley, Jun Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Self-propelled particles can exhibit surprising non-equilibrium behaviors, and how they interact with obstacles or boundaries remains an important open problem. Here we show that chemically propelled micro-rods can be captured, with little change in their speed, into close orbits around solid spheres resting on or near a horizontal plane. We show that this interaction between sphere and particle is short-range, occurring even for spheres smaller than the particle length, and for a variety of sphere materials. We consider a simple model, based on lubrication theory, of a force- and torque-free swimmer driven by a surface slip (the phoretic propulsion mechanism) and moving near a solid surface. The model demonstrates capture, or movement towards the surface, and yields speeds independent of distance. This study reveals the crucial aspects of activity-driven interactions of self-propelled particles with passive objects, and brings into question the use of colloidal tracers as probes of active matter. This journal is

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1784-1789
Number of pages6
JournalSoft Matter
Volume10
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 21 2014

Fingerprint

Orbits
Hydrodynamics
hydrodynamics
orbits
lubrication
propulsion
solid surfaces
Propulsion
Lubrication
tracers
torque
slip
rods
Torque
interactions
probes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Takagi, D., Palacci, J., Braunschweig, A. B., Shelley, M., & Zhang, J. (2014). Hydrodynamic capture of microswimmers into sphere-bound orbits. Soft Matter, 10(11), 1784-1789. https://doi.org/10.1039/c3sm52815d

Hydrodynamic capture of microswimmers into sphere-bound orbits. / Takagi, Daisuke; Palacci, Jérémie; Braunschweig, Adam B.; Shelley, Michael; Zhang, Jun.

In: Soft Matter, Vol. 10, No. 11, 21.03.2014, p. 1784-1789.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Takagi, D, Palacci, J, Braunschweig, AB, Shelley, M & Zhang, J 2014, 'Hydrodynamic capture of microswimmers into sphere-bound orbits', Soft Matter, vol. 10, no. 11, pp. 1784-1789. https://doi.org/10.1039/c3sm52815d
Takagi D, Palacci J, Braunschweig AB, Shelley M, Zhang J. Hydrodynamic capture of microswimmers into sphere-bound orbits. Soft Matter. 2014 Mar 21;10(11):1784-1789. https://doi.org/10.1039/c3sm52815d
Takagi, Daisuke ; Palacci, Jérémie ; Braunschweig, Adam B. ; Shelley, Michael ; Zhang, Jun. / Hydrodynamic capture of microswimmers into sphere-bound orbits. In: Soft Matter. 2014 ; Vol. 10, No. 11. pp. 1784-1789.
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