Hybrid model predictive flight mode conversion control of unmanned Quad-TiltRotors

Christos Papachristos, Kostas Alexis, Anthony Tzes

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

In this paper the autonomous flight mode conversion control scheme for a Quad-TiltRotor Unmanned Aerial Vehicle is presented. This convertible UAV type has the capability for flying both as a helicopter as well as a fixed-wing aircraft type, by adjusting the orientation of its tilt-enabled rotors. Thus, a platform combining the operational advantages of two commonly distinct aircraft types is formed. However, its autonomous mid-flight conversion is an issue of increased complexity. The approach presented is based on an innovative control scheme, developed based on hybrid systems theory. Particularly, a piecewise affine modeling approximation of the complete nonlinear dynamics is derived and serves as the model for control over which a hybrid predictive controller that provides global stabilization, optimality and constraints satisfaction is computed. The effectiveness of the proposed control scheme in handling the mode conversion from helicopter to fixed-wing (and conversely) is demonstrated via a series of simulation studies. The proposed control scheme exceeds the functionality of the aforementioned flight-mode conversion and is also able to handle the transition to intermediate flight-modes with rotors slightly tilted forward in order to provide a forward force component while flying in close to helicopter-mode.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2013 European Control Conference, ECC 2013
Pages1793-1798
Number of pages6
StatePublished - Dec 1 2013
Event2013 12th European Control Conference, ECC 2013 - Zurich, Switzerland
Duration: Jul 17 2013Jul 19 2013

Publication series

Name2013 European Control Conference, ECC 2013

Other

Other2013 12th European Control Conference, ECC 2013
CountrySwitzerland
CityZurich
Period7/17/137/19/13

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering

Cite this

Papachristos, C., Alexis, K., & Tzes, A. (2013). Hybrid model predictive flight mode conversion control of unmanned Quad-TiltRotors. In 2013 European Control Conference, ECC 2013 (pp. 1793-1798). [6669816] (2013 European Control Conference, ECC 2013).