How resilient a refugee community could be: The Vietnamese of New Orleans

Qingwen Xu

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    The Vietnamese community in New Orleans has experienced various challenges ranging from poverty to disasters and from refuge trauma experience to children’s education. Nonetheless, the community has remained strong, which has been manifested in its response after Hurricane Katrina and the BP oil spill. This article adopts the historical trauma framework to better understand the resilience of this ethnic community. The Vietnamese community in New Orleans had been studied by scholars in the field of sociology, ethnic studies, geography, health and mental health, to name the major ones. This author selected 42 publications by searching major databases of social sciences and public health (PubMed). Publications were then reviewed and analyzed according to such themes as shared group experience of trauma, intergenerational transmission of trauma, and community capacity and resilience. The Vietnamese refugee community in New Orleans suffers from collective trauma experience of war and repeated disasters. Although second-generation of Vietnamese refugees did show certain behavior and identity challenges during growing up, children’s behavior issues are not manifested or perceived as intergenerational transmission of trauma. Native language, cultural norms and practice, religious belief, collective mindset of self-sufficiency, and strong networks are often cited as unique community resilience characteristics. The Vietnamese community’s resilience is derived from the history of refuge and resettlement. A model that incorporates both community resilience and historical trauma framework is proposed to help better understand the community dynamics and the impact of community resilience on individuals and families.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)56-67
    Number of pages12
    JournalTraumatology
    Volume23
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Mar 1 2017

    Fingerprint

    Refugees
    Wounds and Injuries
    Disasters
    Publications
    Petroleum Pollution
    Cyclonic Storms
    Geography
    Sociology
    Social Sciences
    Religion
    Poverty
    PubMed
    Names
    Mental Health
    Language
    Public Health
    History
    Databases
    Education
    Health

    Keywords

    • Community resilience
    • Disaster
    • Historical trauma
    • Vietnamese community in New Orleans

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Nursing(all)
    • Emergency Medicine
    • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

    Cite this

    How resilient a refugee community could be : The Vietnamese of New Orleans. / Xu, Qingwen.

    In: Traumatology, Vol. 23, No. 1, 01.03.2017, p. 56-67.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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