Hostile attributional bias and aggressive behavior in global context

Kenneth A. Dodge, Patrick S. Malone, Jennifer E. Lansford, Emma Sorbring, Ann T. Skinner, Sombat Tapanya, Liliana Maria Uribe Tirado, Arnaldo Zelli, Liane Peña Alampay, Suha M. Al-Hassan, Dario Bacchini, Anna Silvia Bombi, Marc H. Bornstein, Lei Chang, Kirby Deater-Deckard, Laura Di Giunta, Paul Oburu, Concetta Pastorelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We tested a model that children's tendency to attribute hostile intent to others in response to provocation is a key psychological process that statistically accounts for individual differences in reactive aggressive behavior and that this mechanism contributes to global group differences in children's chronic aggressive behavior problems. Participants were 1,299 children (mean age at year 1 = 8.3 y; 51% girls) from 12 diverse ecological-context groups in nine countries worldwide, followed across 4 y. In year 3, each child was presented with each of 10 hypothetical vignettes depicting an ambiguous provocation toward the child and was asked to attribute the likely intent of the provocateur (coded as benign or hostile) and to predict his or her own behavioral response (coded as nonaggression or reactive aggression). Mothers and children independently rated the child's chronic aggressive behavior problems in years 2, 3, and 4. In every ecological group, in those situations in which a child attributed hostile intent to a peer, that child was more likely to report that he or she would respond with reactive aggression than in situations when that same child attributed benign intent. Across children, hostile attributional bias scores predicted higher mother- and child-rated chronic aggressive behavior problems, even controlling for prior aggression. Ecological group differences in the tendency for children to attribute hostile intent statistically accounted for a significant portion of group differences in chronic aggressive behavior problems. The findings suggest a psychological mechanism for group differences in aggressive behavior and point to potential interventions to reduce aggressive behavior.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9310-9315
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume112
Issue number30
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 28 2015

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Aggression
Mothers
Psychology
Individuality
Problem Behavior

Keywords

  • Aggressive behavior
  • Cultural differences
  • Hostile attribution
  • Interpersonal conflict
  • Social cognition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

Dodge, K. A., Malone, P. S., Lansford, J. E., Sorbring, E., Skinner, A. T., Tapanya, S., ... Pastorelli, C. (2015). Hostile attributional bias and aggressive behavior in global context. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 112(30), 9310-9315. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1418572112

Hostile attributional bias and aggressive behavior in global context. / Dodge, Kenneth A.; Malone, Patrick S.; Lansford, Jennifer E.; Sorbring, Emma; Skinner, Ann T.; Tapanya, Sombat; Tirado, Liliana Maria Uribe; Zelli, Arnaldo; Alampay, Liane Peña; Al-Hassan, Suha M.; Bacchini, Dario; Bombi, Anna Silvia; Bornstein, Marc H.; Chang, Lei; Deater-Deckard, Kirby; Di Giunta, Laura; Oburu, Paul; Pastorelli, Concetta.

In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Vol. 112, No. 30, 28.07.2015, p. 9310-9315.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Dodge, KA, Malone, PS, Lansford, JE, Sorbring, E, Skinner, AT, Tapanya, S, Tirado, LMU, Zelli, A, Alampay, LP, Al-Hassan, SM, Bacchini, D, Bombi, AS, Bornstein, MH, Chang, L, Deater-Deckard, K, Di Giunta, L, Oburu, P & Pastorelli, C 2015, 'Hostile attributional bias and aggressive behavior in global context', Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 112, no. 30, pp. 9310-9315. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1418572112
Dodge, Kenneth A. ; Malone, Patrick S. ; Lansford, Jennifer E. ; Sorbring, Emma ; Skinner, Ann T. ; Tapanya, Sombat ; Tirado, Liliana Maria Uribe ; Zelli, Arnaldo ; Alampay, Liane Peña ; Al-Hassan, Suha M. ; Bacchini, Dario ; Bombi, Anna Silvia ; Bornstein, Marc H. ; Chang, Lei ; Deater-Deckard, Kirby ; Di Giunta, Laura ; Oburu, Paul ; Pastorelli, Concetta. / Hostile attributional bias and aggressive behavior in global context. In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 2015 ; Vol. 112, No. 30. pp. 9310-9315.
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