Homophobia: a cofactor of HIV disease in gay and lesbian youth.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article


Whether they "come out" or hide their sexual orientation, most gay and lesbian youth experience the effects of prejudice and stigmatization emanating from society's homophobia. Having to cope with a disparaging and oppressive society creates unique stresses and developmental variations in identity development that are cofactors for HIV infection and disease. These cofactors include cognitive, emotional, and social isolation; feelings of alienation and despair; suicidal ideation; alcohol and other substance abuse; and furtive sexual contacts. Nurses and other providers need to be informed about these cofactors so they may provide meaningful HIV/AIDS prevention education to gay and lesbian youth.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)39-43
Number of pages5
JournalThe Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care : JANAC
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 1994


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing

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