Homo naledi, a new species of the genus Homo from the Dinaledi Chamber, South Africa

Lee R. Berger, John Hawks, Darryl J. de Ruiter, Steven E. Churchill, Peter Schmid, Lucas K. Delezene, Tracy L. Kivell, Heather M. Garvin, Scott Williams, Jeremy M. DeSilva, Matthew M. Skinner, Charles M. Musiba, Noel Cameron, Trenton W. Holliday, William Harcourt-Smith, Rebecca R. Ackermann, Markus Bastir, Barry Bogin, Debra Bolter, Juliet BrophyZachary D. Cofran, Kimberly A. Congdon, Andrew S. Deane, Mana Dembo, Michelle Drapeau, Marina C. Elliott, Elen M. Feuerriegel, Daniel Garcia-Martinez, David J. Green, Alia Gurtov, Joel D. Irish, Ashley Kruger, Myra F. Laird, Damiano Marchi, Marc R. Meyer, Shahed Nalla, Enquye W. Negash, Caley M. Orr, Davorka Radovcic, Lauren Schroeder, Jill E. Scott, Zachary Throckmorton, Matthew W. Tocheri, Caroline VanSickle, Christopher S. Walker, Pianpian Wei, Bernhard Zipfel

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Homo naledi is a previously-unknown species of extinct hominin discovered within the Dinaledi Chamber of the Rising Star cave system, Cradle of Humankind, South Africa. This species is characterized by body mass and stature similar to small-bodied human populations but a small endocranial volume similar to australopiths. Cranial morphology of H. naledi is unique, but most similar to early Homo species including Homo erectus, Homo habilis or Homo rudolfensis. While primitive, the dentition is generally small and simple in occlusal morphology. H. naledi has humanlike manipulatory adaptations of the hand and wrist. It also exhibits a humanlike foot and lower limb. These humanlike aspects are contrasted in the postcrania with a more primitive or australopith-like trunk, shoulder, pelvis and proximal femur. Representing at least 15 individuals with most skeletal elements repeated multiple times, this is the largest assemblage of a single species of hominins yet discovered in Africa.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Article numbere09560
    JournaleLife
    Volume4
    Issue numberSeptember2015
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Sep 10 2015

    Fingerprint

    Hominidae
    South Africa
    Caves
    Stars
    Dentition
    Wrist
    Pelvis
    Femur
    Foot
    Lower Extremity
    Hand
    Population

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
    • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
    • Medicine(all)
    • Neuroscience(all)

    Cite this

    Berger, L. R., Hawks, J., de Ruiter, D. J., Churchill, S. E., Schmid, P., Delezene, L. K., ... Zipfel, B. (2015). Homo naledi, a new species of the genus Homo from the Dinaledi Chamber, South Africa. eLife, 4(September2015), [e09560]. https://doi.org/10.7554/eLife.09560

    Homo naledi, a new species of the genus Homo from the Dinaledi Chamber, South Africa. / Berger, Lee R.; Hawks, John; de Ruiter, Darryl J.; Churchill, Steven E.; Schmid, Peter; Delezene, Lucas K.; Kivell, Tracy L.; Garvin, Heather M.; Williams, Scott; DeSilva, Jeremy M.; Skinner, Matthew M.; Musiba, Charles M.; Cameron, Noel; Holliday, Trenton W.; Harcourt-Smith, William; Ackermann, Rebecca R.; Bastir, Markus; Bogin, Barry; Bolter, Debra; Brophy, Juliet; Cofran, Zachary D.; Congdon, Kimberly A.; Deane, Andrew S.; Dembo, Mana; Drapeau, Michelle; Elliott, Marina C.; Feuerriegel, Elen M.; Garcia-Martinez, Daniel; Green, David J.; Gurtov, Alia; Irish, Joel D.; Kruger, Ashley; Laird, Myra F.; Marchi, Damiano; Meyer, Marc R.; Nalla, Shahed; Negash, Enquye W.; Orr, Caley M.; Radovcic, Davorka; Schroeder, Lauren; Scott, Jill E.; Throckmorton, Zachary; Tocheri, Matthew W.; VanSickle, Caroline; Walker, Christopher S.; Wei, Pianpian; Zipfel, Bernhard.

    In: eLife, Vol. 4, No. September2015, e09560, 10.09.2015.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Berger, LR, Hawks, J, de Ruiter, DJ, Churchill, SE, Schmid, P, Delezene, LK, Kivell, TL, Garvin, HM, Williams, S, DeSilva, JM, Skinner, MM, Musiba, CM, Cameron, N, Holliday, TW, Harcourt-Smith, W, Ackermann, RR, Bastir, M, Bogin, B, Bolter, D, Brophy, J, Cofran, ZD, Congdon, KA, Deane, AS, Dembo, M, Drapeau, M, Elliott, MC, Feuerriegel, EM, Garcia-Martinez, D, Green, DJ, Gurtov, A, Irish, JD, Kruger, A, Laird, MF, Marchi, D, Meyer, MR, Nalla, S, Negash, EW, Orr, CM, Radovcic, D, Schroeder, L, Scott, JE, Throckmorton, Z, Tocheri, MW, VanSickle, C, Walker, CS, Wei, P & Zipfel, B 2015, 'Homo naledi, a new species of the genus Homo from the Dinaledi Chamber, South Africa', eLife, vol. 4, no. September2015, e09560. https://doi.org/10.7554/eLife.09560
    Berger LR, Hawks J, de Ruiter DJ, Churchill SE, Schmid P, Delezene LK et al. Homo naledi, a new species of the genus Homo from the Dinaledi Chamber, South Africa. eLife. 2015 Sep 10;4(September2015). e09560. https://doi.org/10.7554/eLife.09560
    Berger, Lee R. ; Hawks, John ; de Ruiter, Darryl J. ; Churchill, Steven E. ; Schmid, Peter ; Delezene, Lucas K. ; Kivell, Tracy L. ; Garvin, Heather M. ; Williams, Scott ; DeSilva, Jeremy M. ; Skinner, Matthew M. ; Musiba, Charles M. ; Cameron, Noel ; Holliday, Trenton W. ; Harcourt-Smith, William ; Ackermann, Rebecca R. ; Bastir, Markus ; Bogin, Barry ; Bolter, Debra ; Brophy, Juliet ; Cofran, Zachary D. ; Congdon, Kimberly A. ; Deane, Andrew S. ; Dembo, Mana ; Drapeau, Michelle ; Elliott, Marina C. ; Feuerriegel, Elen M. ; Garcia-Martinez, Daniel ; Green, David J. ; Gurtov, Alia ; Irish, Joel D. ; Kruger, Ashley ; Laird, Myra F. ; Marchi, Damiano ; Meyer, Marc R. ; Nalla, Shahed ; Negash, Enquye W. ; Orr, Caley M. ; Radovcic, Davorka ; Schroeder, Lauren ; Scott, Jill E. ; Throckmorton, Zachary ; Tocheri, Matthew W. ; VanSickle, Caroline ; Walker, Christopher S. ; Wei, Pianpian ; Zipfel, Bernhard. / Homo naledi, a new species of the genus Homo from the Dinaledi Chamber, South Africa. In: eLife. 2015 ; Vol. 4, No. September2015.
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    abstract = "Homo naledi is a previously-unknown species of extinct hominin discovered within the Dinaledi Chamber of the Rising Star cave system, Cradle of Humankind, South Africa. This species is characterized by body mass and stature similar to small-bodied human populations but a small endocranial volume similar to australopiths. Cranial morphology of H. naledi is unique, but most similar to early Homo species including Homo erectus, Homo habilis or Homo rudolfensis. While primitive, the dentition is generally small and simple in occlusal morphology. H. naledi has humanlike manipulatory adaptations of the hand and wrist. It also exhibits a humanlike foot and lower limb. These humanlike aspects are contrasted in the postcrania with a more primitive or australopith-like trunk, shoulder, pelvis and proximal femur. Representing at least 15 individuals with most skeletal elements repeated multiple times, this is the largest assemblage of a single species of hominins yet discovered in Africa.",
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