HIV risk behaviors among female IDUs in developing and transitional countries

Charles M. Cleland, Don Des Jarlais, Theresa E. Perlis, Gerry Stimson, Vladimir Poznyak, Moruf Adelekan, Rahim Lawal, Francisco Inacio Bastos, Nguyen Tran Hien, Dao Thi Minh An, Sylvia Inchaurraga, Don Des Jarlais, Theresa Perlis, Maristela Monteiro, V. Navaratnam, B. Vicknasingam, Augusto Perez Gomez, Ines Elvira Mejia, Fabio Mesquita, Sergey MolochkoMaurice Odek-Ogunde, Dimitry Ostrovsky, Emran Razzaghi, Afarin Rahimi, Chris Fitch, Olga Balakireva, Marina Varban, Zunyou Wu, Lorraine Yap

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background. A number of studies suggest females may be more likely to engage in injection and sex risk behavior than males. Most data on gender differences come from industrialized countries, so data are needed in developing countries to determine how well gender differences generalize to these understudied regions. Methods. Between 1999 and 2003, 2512 male and 672 female current injection drug users (IDUs) were surveyed in ten sites in developing countries around the world (Nairobi, Beijing, Hanoi, Kharkiv, Minsk, St. Petersburg, Bogotá, Gran Rosario, Rio, and Santos). The survey included a variety of questions about demographics, injecting practices and sexual behavior. Results. Females were more likely to engage in risk behaviors in the context of a sexual relationship with a primary partner while males were more likely to engage in risk behaviors in the context of close friendships and casual sexual relationships. After controlling for injection frequency, and years injecting, these gender differences were fairly consistent across sites. Conclusion. Gender differences in risk depend on the relational contexts in which risk behaviors occur. The fact that female and male risk behavior often occurs in different relational contexts suggests that different kinds of prevention interventions which are sensitive to these contexts may be necessary.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number271
JournalBMC Public Health
Volume7
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 21 2007

Fingerprint

Risk-Taking
Drug Users
Developing Countries
HIV
Injections
Sexual Behavior
Developed Countries
Demography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Cleland, C. M., Des Jarlais, D., Perlis, T. E., Stimson, G., Poznyak, V., Adelekan, M., ... Yap, L. (2007). HIV risk behaviors among female IDUs in developing and transitional countries. BMC Public Health, 7, [271]. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-7-271

HIV risk behaviors among female IDUs in developing and transitional countries. / Cleland, Charles M.; Des Jarlais, Don; Perlis, Theresa E.; Stimson, Gerry; Poznyak, Vladimir; Adelekan, Moruf; Lawal, Rahim; Bastos, Francisco Inacio; Hien, Nguyen Tran; An, Dao Thi Minh; Inchaurraga, Sylvia; Jarlais, Don Des; Perlis, Theresa; Monteiro, Maristela; Navaratnam, V.; Vicknasingam, B.; Gomez, Augusto Perez; Mejia, Ines Elvira; Mesquita, Fabio; Molochko, Sergey; Odek-Ogunde, Maurice; Ostrovsky, Dimitry; Razzaghi, Emran; Rahimi, Afarin; Fitch, Chris; Balakireva, Olga; Varban, Marina; Wu, Zunyou; Yap, Lorraine.

In: BMC Public Health, Vol. 7, 271, 21.12.2007.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cleland, CM, Des Jarlais, D, Perlis, TE, Stimson, G, Poznyak, V, Adelekan, M, Lawal, R, Bastos, FI, Hien, NT, An, DTM, Inchaurraga, S, Jarlais, DD, Perlis, T, Monteiro, M, Navaratnam, V, Vicknasingam, B, Gomez, AP, Mejia, IE, Mesquita, F, Molochko, S, Odek-Ogunde, M, Ostrovsky, D, Razzaghi, E, Rahimi, A, Fitch, C, Balakireva, O, Varban, M, Wu, Z & Yap, L 2007, 'HIV risk behaviors among female IDUs in developing and transitional countries', BMC Public Health, vol. 7, 271. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-7-271
Cleland, Charles M. ; Des Jarlais, Don ; Perlis, Theresa E. ; Stimson, Gerry ; Poznyak, Vladimir ; Adelekan, Moruf ; Lawal, Rahim ; Bastos, Francisco Inacio ; Hien, Nguyen Tran ; An, Dao Thi Minh ; Inchaurraga, Sylvia ; Jarlais, Don Des ; Perlis, Theresa ; Monteiro, Maristela ; Navaratnam, V. ; Vicknasingam, B. ; Gomez, Augusto Perez ; Mejia, Ines Elvira ; Mesquita, Fabio ; Molochko, Sergey ; Odek-Ogunde, Maurice ; Ostrovsky, Dimitry ; Razzaghi, Emran ; Rahimi, Afarin ; Fitch, Chris ; Balakireva, Olga ; Varban, Marina ; Wu, Zunyou ; Yap, Lorraine. / HIV risk behaviors among female IDUs in developing and transitional countries. In: BMC Public Health. 2007 ; Vol. 7.
@article{04d23514d6e249d2aa03fd81bef019b9,
title = "HIV risk behaviors among female IDUs in developing and transitional countries",
abstract = "Background. A number of studies suggest females may be more likely to engage in injection and sex risk behavior than males. Most data on gender differences come from industrialized countries, so data are needed in developing countries to determine how well gender differences generalize to these understudied regions. Methods. Between 1999 and 2003, 2512 male and 672 female current injection drug users (IDUs) were surveyed in ten sites in developing countries around the world (Nairobi, Beijing, Hanoi, Kharkiv, Minsk, St. Petersburg, Bogot{\'a}, Gran Rosario, Rio, and Santos). The survey included a variety of questions about demographics, injecting practices and sexual behavior. Results. Females were more likely to engage in risk behaviors in the context of a sexual relationship with a primary partner while males were more likely to engage in risk behaviors in the context of close friendships and casual sexual relationships. After controlling for injection frequency, and years injecting, these gender differences were fairly consistent across sites. Conclusion. Gender differences in risk depend on the relational contexts in which risk behaviors occur. The fact that female and male risk behavior often occurs in different relational contexts suggests that different kinds of prevention interventions which are sensitive to these contexts may be necessary.",
author = "Cleland, {Charles M.} and {Des Jarlais}, Don and Perlis, {Theresa E.} and Gerry Stimson and Vladimir Poznyak and Moruf Adelekan and Rahim Lawal and Bastos, {Francisco Inacio} and Hien, {Nguyen Tran} and An, {Dao Thi Minh} and Sylvia Inchaurraga and Jarlais, {Don Des} and Theresa Perlis and Maristela Monteiro and V. Navaratnam and B. Vicknasingam and Gomez, {Augusto Perez} and Mejia, {Ines Elvira} and Fabio Mesquita and Sergey Molochko and Maurice Odek-Ogunde and Dimitry Ostrovsky and Emran Razzaghi and Afarin Rahimi and Chris Fitch and Olga Balakireva and Marina Varban and Zunyou Wu and Lorraine Yap",
year = "2007",
month = "12",
day = "21",
doi = "10.1186/1471-2458-7-271",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "7",
journal = "BMC Public Health",
issn = "1471-2458",
publisher = "BioMed Central",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - HIV risk behaviors among female IDUs in developing and transitional countries

AU - Cleland, Charles M.

AU - Des Jarlais, Don

AU - Perlis, Theresa E.

AU - Stimson, Gerry

AU - Poznyak, Vladimir

AU - Adelekan, Moruf

AU - Lawal, Rahim

AU - Bastos, Francisco Inacio

AU - Hien, Nguyen Tran

AU - An, Dao Thi Minh

AU - Inchaurraga, Sylvia

AU - Jarlais, Don Des

AU - Perlis, Theresa

AU - Monteiro, Maristela

AU - Navaratnam, V.

AU - Vicknasingam, B.

AU - Gomez, Augusto Perez

AU - Mejia, Ines Elvira

AU - Mesquita, Fabio

AU - Molochko, Sergey

AU - Odek-Ogunde, Maurice

AU - Ostrovsky, Dimitry

AU - Razzaghi, Emran

AU - Rahimi, Afarin

AU - Fitch, Chris

AU - Balakireva, Olga

AU - Varban, Marina

AU - Wu, Zunyou

AU - Yap, Lorraine

PY - 2007/12/21

Y1 - 2007/12/21

N2 - Background. A number of studies suggest females may be more likely to engage in injection and sex risk behavior than males. Most data on gender differences come from industrialized countries, so data are needed in developing countries to determine how well gender differences generalize to these understudied regions. Methods. Between 1999 and 2003, 2512 male and 672 female current injection drug users (IDUs) were surveyed in ten sites in developing countries around the world (Nairobi, Beijing, Hanoi, Kharkiv, Minsk, St. Petersburg, Bogotá, Gran Rosario, Rio, and Santos). The survey included a variety of questions about demographics, injecting practices and sexual behavior. Results. Females were more likely to engage in risk behaviors in the context of a sexual relationship with a primary partner while males were more likely to engage in risk behaviors in the context of close friendships and casual sexual relationships. After controlling for injection frequency, and years injecting, these gender differences were fairly consistent across sites. Conclusion. Gender differences in risk depend on the relational contexts in which risk behaviors occur. The fact that female and male risk behavior often occurs in different relational contexts suggests that different kinds of prevention interventions which are sensitive to these contexts may be necessary.

AB - Background. A number of studies suggest females may be more likely to engage in injection and sex risk behavior than males. Most data on gender differences come from industrialized countries, so data are needed in developing countries to determine how well gender differences generalize to these understudied regions. Methods. Between 1999 and 2003, 2512 male and 672 female current injection drug users (IDUs) were surveyed in ten sites in developing countries around the world (Nairobi, Beijing, Hanoi, Kharkiv, Minsk, St. Petersburg, Bogotá, Gran Rosario, Rio, and Santos). The survey included a variety of questions about demographics, injecting practices and sexual behavior. Results. Females were more likely to engage in risk behaviors in the context of a sexual relationship with a primary partner while males were more likely to engage in risk behaviors in the context of close friendships and casual sexual relationships. After controlling for injection frequency, and years injecting, these gender differences were fairly consistent across sites. Conclusion. Gender differences in risk depend on the relational contexts in which risk behaviors occur. The fact that female and male risk behavior often occurs in different relational contexts suggests that different kinds of prevention interventions which are sensitive to these contexts may be necessary.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=37249005356&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=37249005356&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1186/1471-2458-7-271

DO - 10.1186/1471-2458-7-271

M3 - Article

C2 - 17908299

AN - SCOPUS:37249005356

VL - 7

JO - BMC Public Health

JF - BMC Public Health

SN - 1471-2458

M1 - 271

ER -