Hiv risk and prevention among adjudicated adolescents

Teaniese L. Davis, Ralph DiClemente

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Justice-involved youth face numerous challenges and engage in riskier behaviors compared to their nondetained counterparts. Juvenile arrests have been on the decline. In 2011, juvenile arrests decreased eleven percent from 2010. There are racialand gender-based disparities in juvenile arrests. African Americans and women are over-represented in the juvenile justice system. In the past decade while the overall crime rate has declined, the incarceration rate for girls, relative to boys, grew at a much faster rate for all categories of crimes. Adolescents in juvenile detention facilities have a higher prevalence of substance use, preexisting mental health disorders, STI/HIV, and unplanned pregnancy. There is a lack of evidence-based, behavioral interventions for incarcerated African American girls. Future research must develop and test interventions addressing co-occurrence of risk behaviors and multiple levels of intervention, beyond individual level intervention alone, among adjudicated adolescents need to be developed and tested for efficacy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationThe Development of Criminal and Antisocial Behavior
Subtitle of host publicationTheory, Research and Practical Applications
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Pages491-505
Number of pages15
ISBN (Electronic)9783319087207
ISBN (Print)9783319087191
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

Fingerprint

Social Justice
Crime
adolescent
African Americans
Unplanned Pregnancy
justice
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Risk-Taking
Mental Disorders
crime rate
Mental Health
risk behavior
HIV
pregnancy
mental health
offense
lack
gender
evidence
American

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences(all)
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Davis, T. L., & DiClemente, R. (2015). Hiv risk and prevention among adjudicated adolescents. In The Development of Criminal and Antisocial Behavior: Theory, Research and Practical Applications (pp. 491-505). Springer International Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-08720-7_31

Hiv risk and prevention among adjudicated adolescents. / Davis, Teaniese L.; DiClemente, Ralph.

The Development of Criminal and Antisocial Behavior: Theory, Research and Practical Applications. Springer International Publishing, 2015. p. 491-505.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Davis, TL & DiClemente, R 2015, Hiv risk and prevention among adjudicated adolescents. in The Development of Criminal and Antisocial Behavior: Theory, Research and Practical Applications. Springer International Publishing, pp. 491-505. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-08720-7_31
Davis TL, DiClemente R. Hiv risk and prevention among adjudicated adolescents. In The Development of Criminal and Antisocial Behavior: Theory, Research and Practical Applications. Springer International Publishing. 2015. p. 491-505 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-08720-7_31
Davis, Teaniese L. ; DiClemente, Ralph. / Hiv risk and prevention among adjudicated adolescents. The Development of Criminal and Antisocial Behavior: Theory, Research and Practical Applications. Springer International Publishing, 2015. pp. 491-505
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