HIV knowledge, communication, and risk behaviors among white, Chinese-, and Filipino-American adolescents in a high-prevalence AIDS epicenter: a comparative analysis.

P. F. Horan, Ralph DiClemente

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We conducted a comparative analysis of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) knowledge, communication, and risk behaviors among 1272 white, Chinese-, and Filipino-American 10th and 11th graders in San Francisco, California, a high-prevalence AIDS epicenter. We performed principal components analysis on an epidemiologic survey instrument, and we identified five factors: HIV prevention knowledge, sexual behavior risk index, drug use risk index, HIV misconceptions, and communication about HIV. White students had higher HIV prevention scores than did Chinese and Filipino students, and whites had significantly greater ability to communicate with others about HIV disease and prevention. Chinese- and Filipino-American students had fewer misconceptions about HIV than did white students. Ethnicity did not have a significant influence on sexual behavior or drug use risk indices. Findings are discussed with reference to culturally sensitive HIV education.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)97-105
Number of pages9
JournalEthnicity & disease
Volume3
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 1 1993

Fingerprint

Asian Americans
Risk-Taking
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Communication
HIV
Students
Sexual Behavior
Aptitude
San Francisco
Virus Diseases
Principal Component Analysis
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Education

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

@article{a67621a0c7b34beda5f8487091600aba,
title = "HIV knowledge, communication, and risk behaviors among white, Chinese-, and Filipino-American adolescents in a high-prevalence AIDS epicenter: a comparative analysis.",
abstract = "We conducted a comparative analysis of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) knowledge, communication, and risk behaviors among 1272 white, Chinese-, and Filipino-American 10th and 11th graders in San Francisco, California, a high-prevalence AIDS epicenter. We performed principal components analysis on an epidemiologic survey instrument, and we identified five factors: HIV prevention knowledge, sexual behavior risk index, drug use risk index, HIV misconceptions, and communication about HIV. White students had higher HIV prevention scores than did Chinese and Filipino students, and whites had significantly greater ability to communicate with others about HIV disease and prevention. Chinese- and Filipino-American students had fewer misconceptions about HIV than did white students. Ethnicity did not have a significant influence on sexual behavior or drug use risk indices. Findings are discussed with reference to culturally sensitive HIV education.",
author = "Horan, {P. F.} and Ralph DiClemente",
year = "1993",
month = "3",
day = "1",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "3",
pages = "97--105",
journal = "Ethnicity and Disease",
issn = "1049-510X",
publisher = "ISHIB",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - HIV knowledge, communication, and risk behaviors among white, Chinese-, and Filipino-American adolescents in a high-prevalence AIDS epicenter

T2 - a comparative analysis.

AU - Horan, P. F.

AU - DiClemente, Ralph

PY - 1993/3/1

Y1 - 1993/3/1

N2 - We conducted a comparative analysis of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) knowledge, communication, and risk behaviors among 1272 white, Chinese-, and Filipino-American 10th and 11th graders in San Francisco, California, a high-prevalence AIDS epicenter. We performed principal components analysis on an epidemiologic survey instrument, and we identified five factors: HIV prevention knowledge, sexual behavior risk index, drug use risk index, HIV misconceptions, and communication about HIV. White students had higher HIV prevention scores than did Chinese and Filipino students, and whites had significantly greater ability to communicate with others about HIV disease and prevention. Chinese- and Filipino-American students had fewer misconceptions about HIV than did white students. Ethnicity did not have a significant influence on sexual behavior or drug use risk indices. Findings are discussed with reference to culturally sensitive HIV education.

AB - We conducted a comparative analysis of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) knowledge, communication, and risk behaviors among 1272 white, Chinese-, and Filipino-American 10th and 11th graders in San Francisco, California, a high-prevalence AIDS epicenter. We performed principal components analysis on an epidemiologic survey instrument, and we identified five factors: HIV prevention knowledge, sexual behavior risk index, drug use risk index, HIV misconceptions, and communication about HIV. White students had higher HIV prevention scores than did Chinese and Filipino students, and whites had significantly greater ability to communicate with others about HIV disease and prevention. Chinese- and Filipino-American students had fewer misconceptions about HIV than did white students. Ethnicity did not have a significant influence on sexual behavior or drug use risk indices. Findings are discussed with reference to culturally sensitive HIV education.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0027566799&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0027566799&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 8324499

AN - SCOPUS:0027566799

VL - 3

SP - 97

EP - 105

JO - Ethnicity and Disease

JF - Ethnicity and Disease

SN - 1049-510X

IS - 2

ER -