Highway versus urban roads

Analysis of travel time and variability patterns based on facility type

M. Anil Yazici, Camille Kamga, Kaan Ozbay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In this study, the differences in travel time variability patterns between urban roads and highways w ere analyzed. For urban roads, a GPS data set that included all taxi trips in New York City was used. For highways, automatic vehicle location data from the New Jersey Turnpike w ere used. The turnpike was divided into two sections, urban and suburban highway, according to urbanization level, time-of-day demands, and physical roadway features. The analysis not only compared travel time patterns for highways and urban roads but also investigated travel time charac- teristicsalong tbesame highway facility. First, the temporal variations of travel times on both facility types were calculated and compared. Second, the travel time distributions were extracted for various time periods and compared visually to determine the distributional patterns. Finally, the relationship between the average travel time and variability was investigated. Not only did travel time patterns differ between urban roads and highways, but major differences in travel time characteristics could be observed along the same highway. Higher travel times corresponded to lower reliability on highways yet corresponded to higher reliability on urban roads. Overall, the findings suggest that attributing differences in travel time variability patterns to facility type may be an oversimplification of the phenomenon. .

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)53-61
Number of pages9
JournalTransportation Research Record
Volume2442
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Travel time
Global positioning system

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Highway versus urban roads : Analysis of travel time and variability patterns based on facility type. / Yazici, M. Anil; Kamga, Camille; Ozbay, Kaan.

In: Transportation Research Record, Vol. 2442, 2014, p. 53-61.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{a01ca09afddd4ea9b720ec4be905c983,
title = "Highway versus urban roads: Analysis of travel time and variability patterns based on facility type",
abstract = "In this study, the differences in travel time variability patterns between urban roads and highways w ere analyzed. For urban roads, a GPS data set that included all taxi trips in New York City was used. For highways, automatic vehicle location data from the New Jersey Turnpike w ere used. The turnpike was divided into two sections, urban and suburban highway, according to urbanization level, time-of-day demands, and physical roadway features. The analysis not only compared travel time patterns for highways and urban roads but also investigated travel time charac- teristicsalong tbesame highway facility. First, the temporal variations of travel times on both facility types were calculated and compared. Second, the travel time distributions were extracted for various time periods and compared visually to determine the distributional patterns. Finally, the relationship between the average travel time and variability was investigated. Not only did travel time patterns differ between urban roads and highways, but major differences in travel time characteristics could be observed along the same highway. Higher travel times corresponded to lower reliability on highways yet corresponded to higher reliability on urban roads. Overall, the findings suggest that attributing differences in travel time variability patterns to facility type may be an oversimplification of the phenomenon. .",
author = "Yazici, {M. Anil} and Camille Kamga and Kaan Ozbay",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.3141/2442-07",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "2442",
pages = "53--61",
journal = "Transportation Research Record",
issn = "0361-1981",
publisher = "US National Research Council",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Highway versus urban roads

T2 - Analysis of travel time and variability patterns based on facility type

AU - Yazici, M. Anil

AU - Kamga, Camille

AU - Ozbay, Kaan

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - In this study, the differences in travel time variability patterns between urban roads and highways w ere analyzed. For urban roads, a GPS data set that included all taxi trips in New York City was used. For highways, automatic vehicle location data from the New Jersey Turnpike w ere used. The turnpike was divided into two sections, urban and suburban highway, according to urbanization level, time-of-day demands, and physical roadway features. The analysis not only compared travel time patterns for highways and urban roads but also investigated travel time charac- teristicsalong tbesame highway facility. First, the temporal variations of travel times on both facility types were calculated and compared. Second, the travel time distributions were extracted for various time periods and compared visually to determine the distributional patterns. Finally, the relationship between the average travel time and variability was investigated. Not only did travel time patterns differ between urban roads and highways, but major differences in travel time characteristics could be observed along the same highway. Higher travel times corresponded to lower reliability on highways yet corresponded to higher reliability on urban roads. Overall, the findings suggest that attributing differences in travel time variability patterns to facility type may be an oversimplification of the phenomenon. .

AB - In this study, the differences in travel time variability patterns between urban roads and highways w ere analyzed. For urban roads, a GPS data set that included all taxi trips in New York City was used. For highways, automatic vehicle location data from the New Jersey Turnpike w ere used. The turnpike was divided into two sections, urban and suburban highway, according to urbanization level, time-of-day demands, and physical roadway features. The analysis not only compared travel time patterns for highways and urban roads but also investigated travel time charac- teristicsalong tbesame highway facility. First, the temporal variations of travel times on both facility types were calculated and compared. Second, the travel time distributions were extracted for various time periods and compared visually to determine the distributional patterns. Finally, the relationship between the average travel time and variability was investigated. Not only did travel time patterns differ between urban roads and highways, but major differences in travel time characteristics could be observed along the same highway. Higher travel times corresponded to lower reliability on highways yet corresponded to higher reliability on urban roads. Overall, the findings suggest that attributing differences in travel time variability patterns to facility type may be an oversimplification of the phenomenon. .

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84938674958&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84938674958&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3141/2442-07

DO - 10.3141/2442-07

M3 - Article

VL - 2442

SP - 53

EP - 61

JO - Transportation Research Record

JF - Transportation Research Record

SN - 0361-1981

ER -