High strain rate compressive response of syntactic foams: Trends in mechanical properties and failure mechanisms

Nikhil Gupta, Vasanth Chakravarthy Shunmugasamy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Syntactic foams are composite materials comprising hollow particles dispersed in a matrix material. Available studies on high strain rate compressive response of polymer matrix syntactic foams are critically analyzed to identify the strain rate effects with respect to the material composition. Syntactic foams reinforced with micro- and nano-sized fibers and particles are also covered in the study. Polymer matrix syntactic foams demonstrate strain rate sensitivity in compressive strength over a wide range of strain rates. The compressive strength in the strain rate range of 500-1500s-1 is usually seen to be higher than the quasi-static strength. Reinforced syntactic foams also show similar trends. Compared to the quasi-static compressive failure mechanism of shear cracking, the high strain rate failure occurs by crack propagation in the direction of compression. Compressive properties are not available for syntactic foams in the intermediate strain rate range of 1-400s-1 due to a lack of appropriate test methods for this range. Absence of modeling and simulation of high strain rate properties of syntactic foams in the published literature is noted. Increasing applications of syntactic foams in automobiles and potential applications in armor structures can benefit by these findings because the mechanical properties and failure criteria selected in the design process should account for the strain rate sensitivity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7596-7605
Number of pages10
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering A
Volume528
Issue number25-26
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 25 2011

Fingerprint

Syntactics
foams
strain rate
Foams
Strain rate
mechanical properties
trends
Mechanical properties
compressive strength
Polymer matrix
Compressive strength
armor
matrix materials
Armor
automobiles
polymers
crack propagation
matrices
Automobiles
hollow

Keywords

  • Cellular materials
  • Composites
  • Failure
  • Tomography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials

Cite this

High strain rate compressive response of syntactic foams : Trends in mechanical properties and failure mechanisms. / Gupta, Nikhil; Shunmugasamy, Vasanth Chakravarthy.

In: Materials Science and Engineering A, Vol. 528, No. 25-26, 25.09.2011, p. 7596-7605.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{c8b53f58de254110b19dc5ee2ee0ed4f,
title = "High strain rate compressive response of syntactic foams: Trends in mechanical properties and failure mechanisms",
abstract = "Syntactic foams are composite materials comprising hollow particles dispersed in a matrix material. Available studies on high strain rate compressive response of polymer matrix syntactic foams are critically analyzed to identify the strain rate effects with respect to the material composition. Syntactic foams reinforced with micro- and nano-sized fibers and particles are also covered in the study. Polymer matrix syntactic foams demonstrate strain rate sensitivity in compressive strength over a wide range of strain rates. The compressive strength in the strain rate range of 500-1500s-1 is usually seen to be higher than the quasi-static strength. Reinforced syntactic foams also show similar trends. Compared to the quasi-static compressive failure mechanism of shear cracking, the high strain rate failure occurs by crack propagation in the direction of compression. Compressive properties are not available for syntactic foams in the intermediate strain rate range of 1-400s-1 due to a lack of appropriate test methods for this range. Absence of modeling and simulation of high strain rate properties of syntactic foams in the published literature is noted. Increasing applications of syntactic foams in automobiles and potential applications in armor structures can benefit by these findings because the mechanical properties and failure criteria selected in the design process should account for the strain rate sensitivity.",
keywords = "Cellular materials, Composites, Failure, Tomography",
author = "Nikhil Gupta and Shunmugasamy, {Vasanth Chakravarthy}",
year = "2011",
month = "9",
day = "25",
doi = "10.1016/j.msea.2011.06.073",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "528",
pages = "7596--7605",
journal = "Materials Science & Engineering A: Structural Materials: Properties, Microstructure and Processing",
issn = "0921-5093",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",
number = "25-26",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - High strain rate compressive response of syntactic foams

T2 - Trends in mechanical properties and failure mechanisms

AU - Gupta, Nikhil

AU - Shunmugasamy, Vasanth Chakravarthy

PY - 2011/9/25

Y1 - 2011/9/25

N2 - Syntactic foams are composite materials comprising hollow particles dispersed in a matrix material. Available studies on high strain rate compressive response of polymer matrix syntactic foams are critically analyzed to identify the strain rate effects with respect to the material composition. Syntactic foams reinforced with micro- and nano-sized fibers and particles are also covered in the study. Polymer matrix syntactic foams demonstrate strain rate sensitivity in compressive strength over a wide range of strain rates. The compressive strength in the strain rate range of 500-1500s-1 is usually seen to be higher than the quasi-static strength. Reinforced syntactic foams also show similar trends. Compared to the quasi-static compressive failure mechanism of shear cracking, the high strain rate failure occurs by crack propagation in the direction of compression. Compressive properties are not available for syntactic foams in the intermediate strain rate range of 1-400s-1 due to a lack of appropriate test methods for this range. Absence of modeling and simulation of high strain rate properties of syntactic foams in the published literature is noted. Increasing applications of syntactic foams in automobiles and potential applications in armor structures can benefit by these findings because the mechanical properties and failure criteria selected in the design process should account for the strain rate sensitivity.

AB - Syntactic foams are composite materials comprising hollow particles dispersed in a matrix material. Available studies on high strain rate compressive response of polymer matrix syntactic foams are critically analyzed to identify the strain rate effects with respect to the material composition. Syntactic foams reinforced with micro- and nano-sized fibers and particles are also covered in the study. Polymer matrix syntactic foams demonstrate strain rate sensitivity in compressive strength over a wide range of strain rates. The compressive strength in the strain rate range of 500-1500s-1 is usually seen to be higher than the quasi-static strength. Reinforced syntactic foams also show similar trends. Compared to the quasi-static compressive failure mechanism of shear cracking, the high strain rate failure occurs by crack propagation in the direction of compression. Compressive properties are not available for syntactic foams in the intermediate strain rate range of 1-400s-1 due to a lack of appropriate test methods for this range. Absence of modeling and simulation of high strain rate properties of syntactic foams in the published literature is noted. Increasing applications of syntactic foams in automobiles and potential applications in armor structures can benefit by these findings because the mechanical properties and failure criteria selected in the design process should account for the strain rate sensitivity.

KW - Cellular materials

KW - Composites

KW - Failure

KW - Tomography

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=79961168374&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=79961168374&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.msea.2011.06.073

DO - 10.1016/j.msea.2011.06.073

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:79961168374

VL - 528

SP - 7596

EP - 7605

JO - Materials Science & Engineering A: Structural Materials: Properties, Microstructure and Processing

JF - Materials Science & Engineering A: Structural Materials: Properties, Microstructure and Processing

SN - 0921-5093

IS - 25-26

ER -