High HIV seroprevalence epidemics among injecting drug users; New York City and Bangkok

Don Des Jarlais, Choopanya Suphak, Vanichseni Patricia, Friedmann Suwanee, Raktham Samuel R. Friedman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

New York City, U.S.A., and Bangkok, Thailand, experienced two of the most important HIV epidemics among injecting drug users (IDUs) in the world. The epidemic in New York was the first, and by far the largest, HIV epidemic among IDUs. The Bangkok epidemic was notable both for the rapidity of HIV transmission among IDUs and for demonstrating that HIV transmission could occur among IDUs in developing countries. Rapid HIV transmission among IDUs in both cities was followed by large-scale behavior change and stabilization of HIV seroprevalence at high levels. The stabilization of seroprevalence includes unacceptably high rates of continued HIV seroconversions-estimated to be 4 per 100 person-years at risk or greater in both cities. Recent additional HIV prevention efforts in both cities-long-term methadone maintenance treatment in Bangkok and legal access to sterile injection equipment in New York-indicate possibilities for further reducing HIV transmission among IDUs in the two cities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)87-95
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Drug Issues
Volume27
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 1 1997

Fingerprint

HIV Seroprevalence
Drug Users
HIV
drug
stabilization
HIV Seropositivity
Methadone
Seroepidemiologic Studies
Thailand
Developing Countries
developing country
human being
Equipment and Supplies
Injections

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Des Jarlais, D., Suphak, C., Patricia, V., Suwanee, F., & Friedman, R. S. R. (1997). High HIV seroprevalence epidemics among injecting drug users; New York City and Bangkok. Journal of Drug Issues, 27(1), 87-95.

High HIV seroprevalence epidemics among injecting drug users; New York City and Bangkok. / Des Jarlais, Don; Suphak, Choopanya; Patricia, Vanichseni; Suwanee, Friedmann; Friedman, Raktham Samuel R.

In: Journal of Drug Issues, Vol. 27, No. 1, 01.12.1997, p. 87-95.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Des Jarlais, D, Suphak, C, Patricia, V, Suwanee, F & Friedman, RSR 1997, 'High HIV seroprevalence epidemics among injecting drug users; New York City and Bangkok', Journal of Drug Issues, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 87-95.
Des Jarlais, Don ; Suphak, Choopanya ; Patricia, Vanichseni ; Suwanee, Friedmann ; Friedman, Raktham Samuel R. / High HIV seroprevalence epidemics among injecting drug users; New York City and Bangkok. In: Journal of Drug Issues. 1997 ; Vol. 27, No. 1. pp. 87-95.
@article{5a5ba72306cb40eba56c23457b876509,
title = "High HIV seroprevalence epidemics among injecting drug users; New York City and Bangkok",
abstract = "New York City, U.S.A., and Bangkok, Thailand, experienced two of the most important HIV epidemics among injecting drug users (IDUs) in the world. The epidemic in New York was the first, and by far the largest, HIV epidemic among IDUs. The Bangkok epidemic was notable both for the rapidity of HIV transmission among IDUs and for demonstrating that HIV transmission could occur among IDUs in developing countries. Rapid HIV transmission among IDUs in both cities was followed by large-scale behavior change and stabilization of HIV seroprevalence at high levels. The stabilization of seroprevalence includes unacceptably high rates of continued HIV seroconversions-estimated to be 4 per 100 person-years at risk or greater in both cities. Recent additional HIV prevention efforts in both cities-long-term methadone maintenance treatment in Bangkok and legal access to sterile injection equipment in New York-indicate possibilities for further reducing HIV transmission among IDUs in the two cities.",
author = "{Des Jarlais}, Don and Choopanya Suphak and Vanichseni Patricia and Friedmann Suwanee and Friedman, {Raktham Samuel R.}",
year = "1997",
month = "12",
day = "1",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "27",
pages = "87--95",
journal = "Journal of Drug Issues",
issn = "0022-0426",
publisher = "Journal of Drug Issues Inc.",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - High HIV seroprevalence epidemics among injecting drug users; New York City and Bangkok

AU - Des Jarlais, Don

AU - Suphak, Choopanya

AU - Patricia, Vanichseni

AU - Suwanee, Friedmann

AU - Friedman, Raktham Samuel R.

PY - 1997/12/1

Y1 - 1997/12/1

N2 - New York City, U.S.A., and Bangkok, Thailand, experienced two of the most important HIV epidemics among injecting drug users (IDUs) in the world. The epidemic in New York was the first, and by far the largest, HIV epidemic among IDUs. The Bangkok epidemic was notable both for the rapidity of HIV transmission among IDUs and for demonstrating that HIV transmission could occur among IDUs in developing countries. Rapid HIV transmission among IDUs in both cities was followed by large-scale behavior change and stabilization of HIV seroprevalence at high levels. The stabilization of seroprevalence includes unacceptably high rates of continued HIV seroconversions-estimated to be 4 per 100 person-years at risk or greater in both cities. Recent additional HIV prevention efforts in both cities-long-term methadone maintenance treatment in Bangkok and legal access to sterile injection equipment in New York-indicate possibilities for further reducing HIV transmission among IDUs in the two cities.

AB - New York City, U.S.A., and Bangkok, Thailand, experienced two of the most important HIV epidemics among injecting drug users (IDUs) in the world. The epidemic in New York was the first, and by far the largest, HIV epidemic among IDUs. The Bangkok epidemic was notable both for the rapidity of HIV transmission among IDUs and for demonstrating that HIV transmission could occur among IDUs in developing countries. Rapid HIV transmission among IDUs in both cities was followed by large-scale behavior change and stabilization of HIV seroprevalence at high levels. The stabilization of seroprevalence includes unacceptably high rates of continued HIV seroconversions-estimated to be 4 per 100 person-years at risk or greater in both cities. Recent additional HIV prevention efforts in both cities-long-term methadone maintenance treatment in Bangkok and legal access to sterile injection equipment in New York-indicate possibilities for further reducing HIV transmission among IDUs in the two cities.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0030909995&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0030909995&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 27

SP - 87

EP - 95

JO - Journal of Drug Issues

JF - Journal of Drug Issues

SN - 0022-0426

IS - 1

ER -