Heights, calories and welfare

A new perspective on Italian industrialization, 1854-1913

Giovanni Federico

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

The height of Italian conscripts was increasing throughout the second half of the 19th century due primarily to an increases in food intake, but also to an improvement in sanitary conditions, and diffusion of primary schooling. The increase in food intake reflects a growth in agricultural production, contrary to the standard series of national accounts. We infer from an improved estimate of agricultural output, and from the increases in physical stature that the timing of the onset of modern economic growth in Italy was substantially different from the conventional Gerschenkronian perspective.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)289-308
Number of pages20
JournalEconomics and Human Biology
Volume1
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2003

Fingerprint

industrialization
Eating
welfare
conscript
food
Economic Development
agricultural production
Italy
economic growth
Growth
Industrial Development

Keywords

  • Agricultural production
  • Biological living standards
  • Italy
  • Physical stature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)

Cite this

Heights, calories and welfare : A new perspective on Italian industrialization, 1854-1913. / Federico, Giovanni.

In: Economics and Human Biology, Vol. 1, No. 3, 01.01.2003, p. 289-308.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

@article{59fe968525884a08b5361be6cec5bc3f,
title = "Heights, calories and welfare: A new perspective on Italian industrialization, 1854-1913",
abstract = "The height of Italian conscripts was increasing throughout the second half of the 19th century due primarily to an increases in food intake, but also to an improvement in sanitary conditions, and diffusion of primary schooling. The increase in food intake reflects a growth in agricultural production, contrary to the standard series of national accounts. We infer from an improved estimate of agricultural output, and from the increases in physical stature that the timing of the onset of modern economic growth in Italy was substantially different from the conventional Gerschenkronian perspective.",
keywords = "Agricultural production, Biological living standards, Italy, Physical stature",
author = "Giovanni Federico",
year = "2003",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/S1570-677X(03)00071-6",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "1",
pages = "289--308",
journal = "Economics and Human Biology",
issn = "1570-677X",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Heights, calories and welfare

T2 - A new perspective on Italian industrialization, 1854-1913

AU - Federico, Giovanni

PY - 2003/1/1

Y1 - 2003/1/1

N2 - The height of Italian conscripts was increasing throughout the second half of the 19th century due primarily to an increases in food intake, but also to an improvement in sanitary conditions, and diffusion of primary schooling. The increase in food intake reflects a growth in agricultural production, contrary to the standard series of national accounts. We infer from an improved estimate of agricultural output, and from the increases in physical stature that the timing of the onset of modern economic growth in Italy was substantially different from the conventional Gerschenkronian perspective.

AB - The height of Italian conscripts was increasing throughout the second half of the 19th century due primarily to an increases in food intake, but also to an improvement in sanitary conditions, and diffusion of primary schooling. The increase in food intake reflects a growth in agricultural production, contrary to the standard series of national accounts. We infer from an improved estimate of agricultural output, and from the increases in physical stature that the timing of the onset of modern economic growth in Italy was substantially different from the conventional Gerschenkronian perspective.

KW - Agricultural production

KW - Biological living standards

KW - Italy

KW - Physical stature

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=6944244000&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=6944244000&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/S1570-677X(03)00071-6

DO - 10.1016/S1570-677X(03)00071-6

M3 - Review article

VL - 1

SP - 289

EP - 308

JO - Economics and Human Biology

JF - Economics and Human Biology

SN - 1570-677X

IS - 3

ER -