Heat transport in model jammed solids

Vincenzo Vitelli, Ning Xu, Matthieu Wyart, Andrea J. Liu, Sidney R. Nagel

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    We calculate numerically the normal modes of vibrations in three-dimensional jammed packings of soft spheres as a function of the packing fraction and obtain the energy diffusivity, a spectral measure of transport that controls sound propagation and thermal conductivity. The crossover frequency between weak and strong phonon scattering is controlled by the coordination and shifts to zero as the system is decompressed toward the critical packing fraction at which rigidity is lost. We present a scaling analysis that relates the packing fraction dependence of the crossover frequency to the anomalous scaling of the shear modulus with compression. Below the crossover, the diffusivity displays a power-law divergence with inverse frequency consistent with Rayleigh law, which suggests that the vibrational modes are primarily transverse waves, weakly scattered by disorder. Above it, a large number of modes appear whose diffusivity plateaus at a nearly constant value before dropping to zero above the localization frequency. The thermal conductivity of a marginally jammed solid just above the rigidity threshold is calculated and related to the one measured experimentally at room temperature for most glasses.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Article number021301
    JournalPhysical Review E
    Volume81
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Feb 3 2010

    Fingerprint

    Heat Transport
    Solid Model
    Packing
    Diffusivity
    diffusivity
    Crossover
    heat
    crossovers
    Thermal Conductivity
    rigidity
    Rigidity
    vibration mode
    thermal conductivity
    Anomalous Scaling
    scaling
    transverse waves
    Spectral Measure
    sound propagation
    Normal Modes
    Zero

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Condensed Matter Physics
    • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
    • Statistics and Probability

    Cite this

    Vitelli, V., Xu, N., Wyart, M., Liu, A. J., & Nagel, S. R. (2010). Heat transport in model jammed solids. Physical Review E, 81(2), [021301]. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevE.81.021301

    Heat transport in model jammed solids. / Vitelli, Vincenzo; Xu, Ning; Wyart, Matthieu; Liu, Andrea J.; Nagel, Sidney R.

    In: Physical Review E, Vol. 81, No. 2, 021301, 03.02.2010.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Vitelli, V, Xu, N, Wyart, M, Liu, AJ & Nagel, SR 2010, 'Heat transport in model jammed solids', Physical Review E, vol. 81, no. 2, 021301. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevE.81.021301
    Vitelli V, Xu N, Wyart M, Liu AJ, Nagel SR. Heat transport in model jammed solids. Physical Review E. 2010 Feb 3;81(2). 021301. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevE.81.021301
    Vitelli, Vincenzo ; Xu, Ning ; Wyart, Matthieu ; Liu, Andrea J. ; Nagel, Sidney R. / Heat transport in model jammed solids. In: Physical Review E. 2010 ; Vol. 81, No. 2.
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