Head-Mounted Eye Tracking: A New Method to Describe Infant Looking

John M. Franchak, Kari S. Kretch, Kasey C. Soska, Karen Adolph

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Despite hundreds of studies describing infants' visual exploration of experimental stimuli, researchers know little about where infants look during everyday interactions. The current study describes the first method for studying visual behavior during natural interactions in mobile infants. Six 14-month-old infants wore a head-mounted eye-tracker that recorded gaze during free play with mothers. Results revealed that infants' visual exploration is opportunistic and depends on the availability of information and the constraints of infants' own bodies. Looks to mothers' faces were rare following infant-directed utterances but more likely if mothers were sitting at infants' eye level. Gaze toward the destination of infants' hand movements was common during manual actions and crawling, but looks toward obstacles during leg movements were less frequent.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1738-1750
Number of pages13
JournalChild Development
Volume82
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2011

Fingerprint

infant
Head
Mothers
interaction
Leg
stimulus
Hand
Research Personnel

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Education

Cite this

Head-Mounted Eye Tracking : A New Method to Describe Infant Looking. / Franchak, John M.; Kretch, Kari S.; Soska, Kasey C.; Adolph, Karen.

In: Child Development, Vol. 82, No. 6, 11.2011, p. 1738-1750.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Franchak, John M. ; Kretch, Kari S. ; Soska, Kasey C. ; Adolph, Karen. / Head-Mounted Eye Tracking : A New Method to Describe Infant Looking. In: Child Development. 2011 ; Vol. 82, No. 6. pp. 1738-1750.
@article{fcb58f0efe4a4d83ac97622c047f078a,
title = "Head-Mounted Eye Tracking: A New Method to Describe Infant Looking",
abstract = "Despite hundreds of studies describing infants' visual exploration of experimental stimuli, researchers know little about where infants look during everyday interactions. The current study describes the first method for studying visual behavior during natural interactions in mobile infants. Six 14-month-old infants wore a head-mounted eye-tracker that recorded gaze during free play with mothers. Results revealed that infants' visual exploration is opportunistic and depends on the availability of information and the constraints of infants' own bodies. Looks to mothers' faces were rare following infant-directed utterances but more likely if mothers were sitting at infants' eye level. Gaze toward the destination of infants' hand movements was common during manual actions and crawling, but looks toward obstacles during leg movements were less frequent.",
author = "Franchak, {John M.} and Kretch, {Kari S.} and Soska, {Kasey C.} and Karen Adolph",
year = "2011",
month = "11",
doi = "10.1111/j.1467-8624.2011.01670.x",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "82",
pages = "1738--1750",
journal = "Child Development",
issn = "0009-3920",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Head-Mounted Eye Tracking

T2 - A New Method to Describe Infant Looking

AU - Franchak, John M.

AU - Kretch, Kari S.

AU - Soska, Kasey C.

AU - Adolph, Karen

PY - 2011/11

Y1 - 2011/11

N2 - Despite hundreds of studies describing infants' visual exploration of experimental stimuli, researchers know little about where infants look during everyday interactions. The current study describes the first method for studying visual behavior during natural interactions in mobile infants. Six 14-month-old infants wore a head-mounted eye-tracker that recorded gaze during free play with mothers. Results revealed that infants' visual exploration is opportunistic and depends on the availability of information and the constraints of infants' own bodies. Looks to mothers' faces were rare following infant-directed utterances but more likely if mothers were sitting at infants' eye level. Gaze toward the destination of infants' hand movements was common during manual actions and crawling, but looks toward obstacles during leg movements were less frequent.

AB - Despite hundreds of studies describing infants' visual exploration of experimental stimuli, researchers know little about where infants look during everyday interactions. The current study describes the first method for studying visual behavior during natural interactions in mobile infants. Six 14-month-old infants wore a head-mounted eye-tracker that recorded gaze during free play with mothers. Results revealed that infants' visual exploration is opportunistic and depends on the availability of information and the constraints of infants' own bodies. Looks to mothers' faces were rare following infant-directed utterances but more likely if mothers were sitting at infants' eye level. Gaze toward the destination of infants' hand movements was common during manual actions and crawling, but looks toward obstacles during leg movements were less frequent.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=81355124302&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=81355124302&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2011.01670.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2011.01670.x

M3 - Article

C2 - 22023310

AN - SCOPUS:81355124302

VL - 82

SP - 1738

EP - 1750

JO - Child Development

JF - Child Development

SN - 0009-3920

IS - 6

ER -