Growth of oriented single-crystalline rutile TiO 2 nanorods on transparent conducting substrates for dye-sensitized solar cells

Bin Liu, Eray Aydil

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) made from oriented, one-dimensional emiconductor nanostructures such as nanorods, nanowires, and nanotubes are receiving attention because direct connection of the point of photogeneration with the collection electrode using such structures may improve the cell performance. Specifically, oriented single-crystalline TiO 2 nanorods or nanowires on a transparent conductive substrate would be most desirable, but achieving these structures has been limited by the availability of synthetic techniques. In this study, a facile, hydrothermal method was developed for the first time to grow oriented, single-crystalline rutile TiO 2 nanorod films on transparent conductive fluorine-doped tin oxide (FTO) substrates. The diameter, length, and density of the nanorods could be varied by changing the growth parameters, such as growth time, growth temperature, initial reactant concentration, acidity, and additives. The epitaxial relation between the FTO substrate and rutile TiO 2 with a small lattice mismatch plays a key role in driving the nucleation and growth of the rutile TiO 2 nanorods on FTO. With TiCl 4-treatment, a light-to-electricity conversion efficiency of 3% could be achieved by using 4 μm-long TiO 2 nanorod films as the photoanode in a DSSC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3985-3990
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume131
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 25 2009

Fingerprint

Nanotubes
Nanorods
Coloring Agents
Crystalline materials
Fluorine
Substrates
Growth
Tin oxides
Nanowires
Lattice mismatch
Growth temperature
Electricity
Nanostructures
Acidity
Conversion efficiency
Dye-sensitized solar cells
titanium dioxide
Nucleation
Availability
Electrodes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

Cite this

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title = "Growth of oriented single-crystalline rutile TiO 2 nanorods on transparent conducting substrates for dye-sensitized solar cells",
abstract = "Dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) made from oriented, one-dimensional emiconductor nanostructures such as nanorods, nanowires, and nanotubes are receiving attention because direct connection of the point of photogeneration with the collection electrode using such structures may improve the cell performance. Specifically, oriented single-crystalline TiO 2 nanorods or nanowires on a transparent conductive substrate would be most desirable, but achieving these structures has been limited by the availability of synthetic techniques. In this study, a facile, hydrothermal method was developed for the first time to grow oriented, single-crystalline rutile TiO 2 nanorod films on transparent conductive fluorine-doped tin oxide (FTO) substrates. The diameter, length, and density of the nanorods could be varied by changing the growth parameters, such as growth time, growth temperature, initial reactant concentration, acidity, and additives. The epitaxial relation between the FTO substrate and rutile TiO 2 with a small lattice mismatch plays a key role in driving the nucleation and growth of the rutile TiO 2 nanorods on FTO. With TiCl 4-treatment, a light-to-electricity conversion efficiency of 3{\%} could be achieved by using 4 μm-long TiO 2 nanorod films as the photoanode in a DSSC.",
author = "Bin Liu and Eray Aydil",
year = "2009",
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AU - Liu, Bin

AU - Aydil, Eray

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N2 - Dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) made from oriented, one-dimensional emiconductor nanostructures such as nanorods, nanowires, and nanotubes are receiving attention because direct connection of the point of photogeneration with the collection electrode using such structures may improve the cell performance. Specifically, oriented single-crystalline TiO 2 nanorods or nanowires on a transparent conductive substrate would be most desirable, but achieving these structures has been limited by the availability of synthetic techniques. In this study, a facile, hydrothermal method was developed for the first time to grow oriented, single-crystalline rutile TiO 2 nanorod films on transparent conductive fluorine-doped tin oxide (FTO) substrates. The diameter, length, and density of the nanorods could be varied by changing the growth parameters, such as growth time, growth temperature, initial reactant concentration, acidity, and additives. The epitaxial relation between the FTO substrate and rutile TiO 2 with a small lattice mismatch plays a key role in driving the nucleation and growth of the rutile TiO 2 nanorods on FTO. With TiCl 4-treatment, a light-to-electricity conversion efficiency of 3% could be achieved by using 4 μm-long TiO 2 nanorod films as the photoanode in a DSSC.

AB - Dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) made from oriented, one-dimensional emiconductor nanostructures such as nanorods, nanowires, and nanotubes are receiving attention because direct connection of the point of photogeneration with the collection electrode using such structures may improve the cell performance. Specifically, oriented single-crystalline TiO 2 nanorods or nanowires on a transparent conductive substrate would be most desirable, but achieving these structures has been limited by the availability of synthetic techniques. In this study, a facile, hydrothermal method was developed for the first time to grow oriented, single-crystalline rutile TiO 2 nanorod films on transparent conductive fluorine-doped tin oxide (FTO) substrates. The diameter, length, and density of the nanorods could be varied by changing the growth parameters, such as growth time, growth temperature, initial reactant concentration, acidity, and additives. The epitaxial relation between the FTO substrate and rutile TiO 2 with a small lattice mismatch plays a key role in driving the nucleation and growth of the rutile TiO 2 nanorods on FTO. With TiCl 4-treatment, a light-to-electricity conversion efficiency of 3% could be achieved by using 4 μm-long TiO 2 nanorod films as the photoanode in a DSSC.

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