Group cohesion benefits individuals who express prejudice, but harms their group

Daniel A. Effron, Hemant Kakkar, Eric Knowles

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

When someone expresses prejudice against an outgroup, how negatively do we judge the prejudiced individual and his or her ingroup? Previous lines of research suggest that the answer depends on the ingroup's entitativity—i.e., how cohesive it is—but they make different predictions about whether entitativity should increase or decrease outside observers’ negative reactions to prejudice. We resolve this tension by demonstrating divergent consequences of entitativity for prejudiced individuals versus their groups. Mediational and experimental data from six studies (two pre-registered; N = 2455) support two hypotheses: Entitativity increases how responsible the group seems for its member's prejudice, which in turn decreases how unacceptable observers find the member's behavior and how much they condemn her (H1), but which also increases how much they condemn the group (H2). Thus, entitativity can grant individuals a license to express prejudice but can damage their group's reputation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)239-251
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Experimental Social Psychology
Volume79
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2018

Fingerprint

group cohesion
prejudice
Group
outgroup
Licensure
license
reputation
damages
Research

Keywords

  • Collective responsibility
  • Entitativity
  • Intergroup relations
  • License
  • Prejudice
  • Social judgment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

Group cohesion benefits individuals who express prejudice, but harms their group. / Effron, Daniel A.; Kakkar, Hemant; Knowles, Eric.

In: Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, Vol. 79, 01.11.2018, p. 239-251.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{4830ec7d0a034e4d9ad8aa77c3a32517,
title = "Group cohesion benefits individuals who express prejudice, but harms their group",
abstract = "When someone expresses prejudice against an outgroup, how negatively do we judge the prejudiced individual and his or her ingroup? Previous lines of research suggest that the answer depends on the ingroup's entitativity—i.e., how cohesive it is—but they make different predictions about whether entitativity should increase or decrease outside observers’ negative reactions to prejudice. We resolve this tension by demonstrating divergent consequences of entitativity for prejudiced individuals versus their groups. Mediational and experimental data from six studies (two pre-registered; N = 2455) support two hypotheses: Entitativity increases how responsible the group seems for its member's prejudice, which in turn decreases how unacceptable observers find the member's behavior and how much they condemn her (H1), but which also increases how much they condemn the group (H2). Thus, entitativity can grant individuals a license to express prejudice but can damage their group's reputation.",
keywords = "Collective responsibility, Entitativity, Intergroup relations, License, Prejudice, Social judgment",
author = "Effron, {Daniel A.} and Hemant Kakkar and Eric Knowles",
year = "2018",
month = "11",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.jesp.2018.08.002",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "79",
pages = "239--251",
journal = "Journal of Experimental Social Psychology",
issn = "0022-1031",
publisher = "Academic Press Inc.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Group cohesion benefits individuals who express prejudice, but harms their group

AU - Effron, Daniel A.

AU - Kakkar, Hemant

AU - Knowles, Eric

PY - 2018/11/1

Y1 - 2018/11/1

N2 - When someone expresses prejudice against an outgroup, how negatively do we judge the prejudiced individual and his or her ingroup? Previous lines of research suggest that the answer depends on the ingroup's entitativity—i.e., how cohesive it is—but they make different predictions about whether entitativity should increase or decrease outside observers’ negative reactions to prejudice. We resolve this tension by demonstrating divergent consequences of entitativity for prejudiced individuals versus their groups. Mediational and experimental data from six studies (two pre-registered; N = 2455) support two hypotheses: Entitativity increases how responsible the group seems for its member's prejudice, which in turn decreases how unacceptable observers find the member's behavior and how much they condemn her (H1), but which also increases how much they condemn the group (H2). Thus, entitativity can grant individuals a license to express prejudice but can damage their group's reputation.

AB - When someone expresses prejudice against an outgroup, how negatively do we judge the prejudiced individual and his or her ingroup? Previous lines of research suggest that the answer depends on the ingroup's entitativity—i.e., how cohesive it is—but they make different predictions about whether entitativity should increase or decrease outside observers’ negative reactions to prejudice. We resolve this tension by demonstrating divergent consequences of entitativity for prejudiced individuals versus their groups. Mediational and experimental data from six studies (two pre-registered; N = 2455) support two hypotheses: Entitativity increases how responsible the group seems for its member's prejudice, which in turn decreases how unacceptable observers find the member's behavior and how much they condemn her (H1), but which also increases how much they condemn the group (H2). Thus, entitativity can grant individuals a license to express prejudice but can damage their group's reputation.

KW - Collective responsibility

KW - Entitativity

KW - Intergroup relations

KW - License

KW - Prejudice

KW - Social judgment

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85051676083&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85051676083&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jesp.2018.08.002

DO - 10.1016/j.jesp.2018.08.002

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85051676083

VL - 79

SP - 239

EP - 251

JO - Journal of Experimental Social Psychology

JF - Journal of Experimental Social Psychology

SN - 0022-1031

ER -