Great migration of African Americans to Hartford, Connecticut, 1910–1930: A GIS analysis at the neighborhood and street level

Kurt Schlichting, Peter Tuckel, Richard Maisel

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    Abstract

    The Great Migration of African Americans from the South at the beginning of the twentieth century had an enormous impact on cities in the Midwest and North including Hartford, Connecticut. This study examines the movement of African Americans to Hartford at the neighborhood and street level. The new arrivals, many from Georgia recruited to work in the Connecticut River valley tobacco farms, joined long-established African American residents of Hartford. A geographic information system (GIS) analysis at the street level illustrates residential differences within the African American community based on place of birth, socioeconomic status, and voting. In the north end of Hartford migrants from Georgia and Eastern European immigrants, for a moment in historical time, shared residential space at the street level. However the Eastern European immigrants had higher occupation status and moved out of the North End neighborhoods, which became increasingly racially segregated as the Great Migration continued.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)287-310
    Number of pages24
    JournalSocial Science History
    Volume39
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Aug 25 2015

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    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • History
    • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

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