Gravitational radiation from massless particle collisions

Andrei Gruzinov, Gabriele Veneziano

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    We compute classical gravitational bremsstrahlung from the gravitational scattering of two massless particles at leading order in the (centre of mass) deflection angle . The calculation, although non-perturbative in the gravitational constant, is surprisingly simple and yields explicit formulae - in terms of multidimensional integrals - for the frequency and angular distribution of the radiation. In the range , the GW spectrum behaves like , is confined to cones of angular sizes (around the deflected particle trajectories) ranging from to , and exactly reproduces, at its lower end, a well-known zero-frequency limit. At the radiation is confined to cones of angular size of order resulting in a scale-invariant () spectrum. The total efficiency in GW production is dominated by this 'high frequency' region and is formally logarithmically divergent in the UV. If the spectrum is cutoff at the limit of validity of our approximations (where a conjectured bound on GW power is also saturated), the fraction of incoming energy radiated away turns out to be at leading logarithmic accuracy.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Article number125012
    JournalClassical and Quantum Gravity
    Volume33
    Issue number12
    DOIs
    StatePublished - May 17 2016

    Fingerprint

    particle collisions
    gravitational waves
    cones
    gravitational constant
    particle trajectories
    frequency distribution
    radiation
    bremsstrahlung
    center of mass
    deflection
    cut-off
    angular distribution
    approximation
    scattering
    energy

    Keywords

    • frequency and angular spectrum
    • gravitational radiation
    • ultra-relativistic collisions

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

    Cite this

    Gravitational radiation from massless particle collisions. / Gruzinov, Andrei; Veneziano, Gabriele.

    In: Classical and Quantum Gravity, Vol. 33, No. 12, 125012, 17.05.2016.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Gruzinov, Andrei ; Veneziano, Gabriele. / Gravitational radiation from massless particle collisions. In: Classical and Quantum Gravity. 2016 ; Vol. 33, No. 12.
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