Goal pursuit in the context of culture

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Socio-cultural contexts can be differentiated by whether they grant the space of free movement. This chapter operationalizes this variable by pointing to the cultural value of norm-orientation and reasoning that loose cultures should foster the use of mental contrasting and forming implementation intentions, while in tight cultures these modes of thought are not needed to effectively control one's actions. Indulging and dwelling should be prevalent in tight cultures, as these modes of thought facilitate endurance and positive affect in situations that do not allow for free movement. Certainly, each individual member of a loose or tight culture should at times entertain a typical self-regulatory thought. Culture may affect people's goal pursuits via determining the perceived desirability and feasibility of potential goals. With respect to perceived feasibility, a line of research is presented showing that political system and cultural variables conjointly inform people's self-efficacy beliefs. The question of how cultural values might affect people's preferential use of certain self-regulation strategies when committing to and acting on goals is raised. Also, there should be individual differences in preferred self-regulatory thought within a given culture. The socio-cultural contexts should selectively favor the prevalence of specific types of self-regulatory thought in their members.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationHandbook of Motivation and Cognition Across Cultures
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages191-211
Number of pages21
ISBN (Print)9780123736949
DOIs
StatePublished - 2008

Fingerprint

Political Systems
Social Values
Self Efficacy
Individuality
Research
Self-Control

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

Oettingen, G., Sevincer, A. T., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2008). Goal pursuit in the context of culture. In Handbook of Motivation and Cognition Across Cultures (pp. 191-211). Elsevier Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-373694-9.00009-X

Goal pursuit in the context of culture. / Oettingen, Gabriele; Sevincer, A. Timur; Gollwitzer, Peter M.

Handbook of Motivation and Cognition Across Cultures. Elsevier Inc., 2008. p. 191-211.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Oettingen, G, Sevincer, AT & Gollwitzer, PM 2008, Goal pursuit in the context of culture. in Handbook of Motivation and Cognition Across Cultures. Elsevier Inc., pp. 191-211. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-373694-9.00009-X
Oettingen G, Sevincer AT, Gollwitzer PM. Goal pursuit in the context of culture. In Handbook of Motivation and Cognition Across Cultures. Elsevier Inc. 2008. p. 191-211 https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-373694-9.00009-X
Oettingen, Gabriele ; Sevincer, A. Timur ; Gollwitzer, Peter M. / Goal pursuit in the context of culture. Handbook of Motivation and Cognition Across Cultures. Elsevier Inc., 2008. pp. 191-211
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