Glucocorticoid receptors recruit the CaMKIIα-BDNF-CREB pathways to mediate memory consolidation

Dillon Y. Chen, Dhananjay Bambah-Mukku, Gabriella Pollonini, Cristina Alberini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Emotionally important events are well remembered. Although memories of emotional experiences are known to be mediated and modulated by stress hormones such as glucocorticoids, little is known about the underlying molecular mechanisms. We found that the hippocampal glucocorticoid receptors that are critically engaged during the formation of long-term inhibitory avoidance memory in rats were coupled to the activation of CaMKIIα, TrkB, ERK, Akt, PLCγ and CREB, as well as a to a substantial induction of Arc and synaptic GluA1. Most of these changes, which are initiated by a nongenomic effect of glucocorticoid receptors, were also downstream of the activation of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF). Hippocampal administration of BDNF, but not of other neurotrophins, selectively rescued both the amnesia and the molecular impairments produced by glucocorticoid receptor inhibition. Thus, glucocorticoid receptors mediate long-term memory formation by recruiting the CaMKIIα-BDNF-CREB-dependent neural plasticity pathways.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1707-1714
Number of pages8
JournalNature Neuroscience
Volume15
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2012

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Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinase Type 2
Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor
Glucocorticoid Receptors
Neural Pathways
Neuronal Plasticity
Amnesia
Long-Term Memory
Nerve Growth Factors
Glucocorticoids
Hormones
Memory Consolidation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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Glucocorticoid receptors recruit the CaMKIIα-BDNF-CREB pathways to mediate memory consolidation. / Chen, Dillon Y.; Bambah-Mukku, Dhananjay; Pollonini, Gabriella; Alberini, Cristina.

In: Nature Neuroscience, Vol. 15, No. 12, 12.2012, p. 1707-1714.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chen, Dillon Y. ; Bambah-Mukku, Dhananjay ; Pollonini, Gabriella ; Alberini, Cristina. / Glucocorticoid receptors recruit the CaMKIIα-BDNF-CREB pathways to mediate memory consolidation. In: Nature Neuroscience. 2012 ; Vol. 15, No. 12. pp. 1707-1714.
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