Global Marital Satisfaction Versus Marital Adjustment

An Empirical Comparison of Three Measures

Richard Heyman, Steven L. Sayers, Alan S. Bellack

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Two measures of marital satisfaction, the Quality of Marriage Index (R. Norton, 1983) and the Relationship Satisfaction Questionnaire (D. D. Burns & S. L. Sayers, 1992) were compared to a measure of marital adjustment, the Dyadic Adjustment Scale (G. B. Spanier, 1976). The measures showed excellent convergent validity (high correlations among each other and with other measures of marital functioning) and discriminant validity (low or nonsignificant correlations with psychopathology subscales). However, spouses' ratings of frequency of disagreements differed significantly from their ratings of satisfaction in the same areas. Formulas for converting scores among the measures are given, and the measures were found to have modest classification powers. The relative advantages and disadvantages of adjustment and satisfaction measures are discussed, and recommendations are made for when to use each type of measure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)432-446
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Family Psychology
Volume8
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1994

Fingerprint

Social Adjustment
Marriage
Psychopathology
Spouses
Burns

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Global Marital Satisfaction Versus Marital Adjustment : An Empirical Comparison of Three Measures. / Heyman, Richard; Sayers, Steven L.; Bellack, Alan S.

In: Journal of Family Psychology, Vol. 8, No. 4, 12.1994, p. 432-446.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{a0d5a8cd925f48caa24ae30136ae324a,
title = "Global Marital Satisfaction Versus Marital Adjustment: An Empirical Comparison of Three Measures",
abstract = "Two measures of marital satisfaction, the Quality of Marriage Index (R. Norton, 1983) and the Relationship Satisfaction Questionnaire (D. D. Burns & S. L. Sayers, 1992) were compared to a measure of marital adjustment, the Dyadic Adjustment Scale (G. B. Spanier, 1976). The measures showed excellent convergent validity (high correlations among each other and with other measures of marital functioning) and discriminant validity (low or nonsignificant correlations with psychopathology subscales). However, spouses' ratings of frequency of disagreements differed significantly from their ratings of satisfaction in the same areas. Formulas for converting scores among the measures are given, and the measures were found to have modest classification powers. The relative advantages and disadvantages of adjustment and satisfaction measures are discussed, and recommendations are made for when to use each type of measure.",
author = "Richard Heyman and Sayers, {Steven L.} and Bellack, {Alan S.}",
year = "1994",
month = "12",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "8",
pages = "432--446",
journal = "Journal of Family Psychology",
issn = "0893-3200",
publisher = "American Psychological Association Inc.",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Global Marital Satisfaction Versus Marital Adjustment

T2 - An Empirical Comparison of Three Measures

AU - Heyman, Richard

AU - Sayers, Steven L.

AU - Bellack, Alan S.

PY - 1994/12

Y1 - 1994/12

N2 - Two measures of marital satisfaction, the Quality of Marriage Index (R. Norton, 1983) and the Relationship Satisfaction Questionnaire (D. D. Burns & S. L. Sayers, 1992) were compared to a measure of marital adjustment, the Dyadic Adjustment Scale (G. B. Spanier, 1976). The measures showed excellent convergent validity (high correlations among each other and with other measures of marital functioning) and discriminant validity (low or nonsignificant correlations with psychopathology subscales). However, spouses' ratings of frequency of disagreements differed significantly from their ratings of satisfaction in the same areas. Formulas for converting scores among the measures are given, and the measures were found to have modest classification powers. The relative advantages and disadvantages of adjustment and satisfaction measures are discussed, and recommendations are made for when to use each type of measure.

AB - Two measures of marital satisfaction, the Quality of Marriage Index (R. Norton, 1983) and the Relationship Satisfaction Questionnaire (D. D. Burns & S. L. Sayers, 1992) were compared to a measure of marital adjustment, the Dyadic Adjustment Scale (G. B. Spanier, 1976). The measures showed excellent convergent validity (high correlations among each other and with other measures of marital functioning) and discriminant validity (low or nonsignificant correlations with psychopathology subscales). However, spouses' ratings of frequency of disagreements differed significantly from their ratings of satisfaction in the same areas. Formulas for converting scores among the measures are given, and the measures were found to have modest classification powers. The relative advantages and disadvantages of adjustment and satisfaction measures are discussed, and recommendations are made for when to use each type of measure.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=21844509599&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=21844509599&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 8

SP - 432

EP - 446

JO - Journal of Family Psychology

JF - Journal of Family Psychology

SN - 0893-3200

IS - 4

ER -