Global analysis of KOI-977: Spectroscopy, asteroseismology, and phase-curve analysis

Teruyuki Hirano, Kento Masuda, Bun'Ei Sato, Othman Benomar, Yoichi Takeda, Masashi Omiya, Hiroki Harakawa, Atsushi Kobayashi

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Abstract

We present a global analysis of KOI-977, one of the planet host candidates detected by Kepler. The Kepler Input Catalog (KIC) reports that KOI-977 is a red giant, for which few close-in planets have been discovered. Our global analysis involves spectroscopic and asteroseismic determinations of stellar parameters (e.g., mass and radius) and radial velocity (RV) measurements. Our analyses reveal that KOI-977 is indeed a red giant, possibly in the red clump, but its estimated radius (≳ 20 R = 0.093 AU) is much larger than KOI-977.01's orbital distance (0.027 AU) estimated from its period (P orb 1.35 days) and host star's mass. RV measurements show a small variation, which also contradicts the amplitude of ellipsoidal variations seen in the light curve folded with KOI-977.01's period. Therefore, we conclude that KOI-977.01 is a false positive, meaning that the red giant, for which we measured the radius and RVs, is different from the object that produces the transit-like signal (i.e., an eclipsing binary). On the basis of this assumption, we also perform a light curve analysis including the modeling of transits/eclipses and phase-curve variations, adopting various values for the dilution factor D, which is defined as the flux ratio between the red giant and eclipsing binary. Fitting the whole folded light curve as well as individual transits in the short cadence data simultaneously, we find that the estimated mass and radius ratios of the eclipsing binary are consistent with those of a solar-type star and a late-type star (e.g., an M dwarf) for D ≳ 20.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number9 (11pp)
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume799
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 20 2015

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Keywords

  • asteroseismology
  • binaries: eclipsing
  • planets and satellites: detection
  • stars: individual (KIC 11192141)
  • techniques: photometric
  • techniques: radial velocities
  • techniques: spectroscopic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Hirano, T., Masuda, K., Sato, BE., Benomar, O., Takeda, Y., Omiya, M., Harakawa, H., & Kobayashi, A. (2015). Global analysis of KOI-977: Spectroscopy, asteroseismology, and phase-curve analysis. Astrophysical Journal, 799(1), [9 (11pp)]. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/799/1/9