Gender Inequality and Gender Differences in Authoritarianism

Mark J. Brandt, Pj Henry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Authoritarianism may be endorsed in part as a means of managing and buffering psychological threats (e.g., Duckitt & Fisher, 2003; Henry, 2011). Building on this research, the authors postulated that authoritarianism should be especially prevalent among women in societies with high levels of gender inequality because they especially face more psychological threats associated with stigma compared with men. After establishing that authoritarianism is, in part, a response to rejection, a psychological threat associated with stigma (Study 1), the authors used multilevel modeling to analyze data from 54 societies to find that women endorsed authoritarian values more than men, especially in individualistic societies with high levels of gender inequality (Study 2). Results show that the threats of stigma for women are not uniform across different cultures and that the degree of stigma is related to the degree of endorsement of psychologically protective attitudes such as authoritarianism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1301-1315
Number of pages15
JournalPersonality and Social Psychology Bulletin
Volume38
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2012

Fingerprint

Authoritarianism
Psychology
Research

Keywords

  • authoritarianism
  • gender differences
  • gender inequality
  • social status
  • stigma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology

Cite this

Gender Inequality and Gender Differences in Authoritarianism. / Brandt, Mark J.; Henry, Pj.

In: Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, Vol. 38, No. 10, 01.10.2012, p. 1301-1315.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{90f7ba5a1f354bcd85bd5c03454a8702,
title = "Gender Inequality and Gender Differences in Authoritarianism",
abstract = "Authoritarianism may be endorsed in part as a means of managing and buffering psychological threats (e.g., Duckitt & Fisher, 2003; Henry, 2011). Building on this research, the authors postulated that authoritarianism should be especially prevalent among women in societies with high levels of gender inequality because they especially face more psychological threats associated with stigma compared with men. After establishing that authoritarianism is, in part, a response to rejection, a psychological threat associated with stigma (Study 1), the authors used multilevel modeling to analyze data from 54 societies to find that women endorsed authoritarian values more than men, especially in individualistic societies with high levels of gender inequality (Study 2). Results show that the threats of stigma for women are not uniform across different cultures and that the degree of stigma is related to the degree of endorsement of psychologically protective attitudes such as authoritarianism.",
keywords = "authoritarianism, gender differences, gender inequality, social status, stigma",
author = "Brandt, {Mark J.} and Pj Henry",
year = "2012",
month = "10",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1177/0146167212449871",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "38",
pages = "1301--1315",
journal = "Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin",
issn = "0146-1672",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",
number = "10",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Gender Inequality and Gender Differences in Authoritarianism

AU - Brandt, Mark J.

AU - Henry, Pj

PY - 2012/10/1

Y1 - 2012/10/1

N2 - Authoritarianism may be endorsed in part as a means of managing and buffering psychological threats (e.g., Duckitt & Fisher, 2003; Henry, 2011). Building on this research, the authors postulated that authoritarianism should be especially prevalent among women in societies with high levels of gender inequality because they especially face more psychological threats associated with stigma compared with men. After establishing that authoritarianism is, in part, a response to rejection, a psychological threat associated with stigma (Study 1), the authors used multilevel modeling to analyze data from 54 societies to find that women endorsed authoritarian values more than men, especially in individualistic societies with high levels of gender inequality (Study 2). Results show that the threats of stigma for women are not uniform across different cultures and that the degree of stigma is related to the degree of endorsement of psychologically protective attitudes such as authoritarianism.

AB - Authoritarianism may be endorsed in part as a means of managing and buffering psychological threats (e.g., Duckitt & Fisher, 2003; Henry, 2011). Building on this research, the authors postulated that authoritarianism should be especially prevalent among women in societies with high levels of gender inequality because they especially face more psychological threats associated with stigma compared with men. After establishing that authoritarianism is, in part, a response to rejection, a psychological threat associated with stigma (Study 1), the authors used multilevel modeling to analyze data from 54 societies to find that women endorsed authoritarian values more than men, especially in individualistic societies with high levels of gender inequality (Study 2). Results show that the threats of stigma for women are not uniform across different cultures and that the degree of stigma is related to the degree of endorsement of psychologically protective attitudes such as authoritarianism.

KW - authoritarianism

KW - gender differences

KW - gender inequality

KW - social status

KW - stigma

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84866450346&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84866450346&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/0146167212449871

DO - 10.1177/0146167212449871

M3 - Article

C2 - 22733982

AN - SCOPUS:84866450346

VL - 38

SP - 1301

EP - 1315

JO - Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin

JF - Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin

SN - 0146-1672

IS - 10

ER -