Gender differences in smoking cessation services received among veterans

Scott Sherman, Steven S. Fu, Anne M. Joseph, Andrew B. Lanto, Elizabeth M. Yano

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Introduction: Smoking is the leading preventable cause of death among women in the United States. It is a particular problem for women using the Veterans Health Administration (VA), where the prevalence of smoking among women is 30%. We compared the baseline characteristics of male and female smokers and then assessed the smoking cessation services they received to determine whether there are important gender differences in care. Methods: As part of a study of implementing national guidelines for smoking cessation taking place at 18/23 VA centers in the southwestern and western United States, we conducted a baseline survey of a random sample of 1,941 smokers in primary care (129 women, 1,812 men) to assess the smoking cessation services received by female and male veterans. Subjects were followed 1 year later (73 women, 1007 men). Results for men and women were compared using chi-square tests and analysis of variance. Logistic regression analyses were conducted to determine factors that were independently associated with receipt of smoking cessation services. Results: Female smokers were younger, more educated, and less likely to be married than male smokers. Women were equally likely to report being advised to quit smoking or referred to a smoking cessation program but were much less likely to report receiving a prescription for nicotine patches (OR .5, 95% CI .3-.9). One year later, female smokers were less likely to have successfully quit smoking. Conclusion: Women were less likely to report receiving nicotine patches for smoking cessation. Future interventions to increase use of smoking cessation medications for female smokers will also hopefully increase their quit rate.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)126-133
    Number of pages8
    JournalWomen's Health Issues
    Volume15
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    StatePublished - May 1 2005

    Fingerprint

    Veterans
    Smoking Cessation
    smoking
    gender-specific factors
    Smoking
    Tobacco Use Cessation Products
    Veterans Health
    United States Department of Veterans Affairs
    Southwestern United States
    nicotine
    medication
    Chi-Square Distribution
    Prescriptions
    Cause of Death
    Primary Health Care
    Analysis of Variance
    Logistic Models
    Regression Analysis
    cause of death
    health

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Health(social science)
    • Obstetrics and Gynecology
    • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
    • Maternity and Midwifery

    Cite this

    Sherman, S., Fu, S. S., Joseph, A. M., Lanto, A. B., & Yano, E. M. (2005). Gender differences in smoking cessation services received among veterans. Women's Health Issues, 15(3), 126-133. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.whi.2005.01.001

    Gender differences in smoking cessation services received among veterans. / Sherman, Scott; Fu, Steven S.; Joseph, Anne M.; Lanto, Andrew B.; Yano, Elizabeth M.

    In: Women's Health Issues, Vol. 15, No. 3, 01.05.2005, p. 126-133.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Sherman, S, Fu, SS, Joseph, AM, Lanto, AB & Yano, EM 2005, 'Gender differences in smoking cessation services received among veterans', Women's Health Issues, vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 126-133. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.whi.2005.01.001
    Sherman, Scott ; Fu, Steven S. ; Joseph, Anne M. ; Lanto, Andrew B. ; Yano, Elizabeth M. / Gender differences in smoking cessation services received among veterans. In: Women's Health Issues. 2005 ; Vol. 15, No. 3. pp. 126-133.
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