Gender differences in labor market decisions in rural Guatemala

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study analyzes male-female differences in workforce participation and self-employment in rural Guatemala. Gender differences in rural labor market outcomes are examined using the 1997 Survey of Rural Entrepreneurs and Financial Services, conducted in the rural areas of the departments of San Marcos. Quezaltenango, Huehuetenango. Alta Verapaz, Petén, and Chimiquimula. There are substantial differences in the labor force participation rates of men and women (86.5 vs 24.0 percent) and in self-employment (49.8 vs 31.9 percent). The empirical results suggest that external constraints explain almost all of the observed gender gap in employment. Gender differences in individual endowments and human capital contribute to increase the male-female self-employment gap: however, structural factors help to reduce gender differences in rural entrepreneurship.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)428-441
Number of pages14
JournalReview of Development Economics
Volume6
Issue number3
StatePublished - Oct 2002

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self-employment
Guatemala
self employment
labor market
gender-specific factors
gender
labor force participation rate
financial service
entrepreneurship
financial services
entrepreneur
human capital
rural area
participation
decision

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Development

Cite this

Gender differences in labor market decisions in rural Guatemala. / Pagan, Jose.

In: Review of Development Economics, Vol. 6, No. 3, 10.2002, p. 428-441.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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