Gender comparisons of factors associated with drug treatment utilization among puerto rican drug users

Sung Yeon Kang, Sherry Deren, Hector Colón

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Objective: This study examined gender-specific effects of social bonds, network characteristics, and other factors on drug treatment enrollment among Puerto Rican drug users. Method: Participants (425 women; 1,374 men) were recruited in New York and Puerto Rico in 19982003. Results: Gender differences were found: education (< high school/GED) and having a sex partner who is an injection drug user (IDU) were significantly related to current enrollment in drug treatment (EDT) for women; for men, having an IDU friend (negatively) had a main effect on EDT, and having an IDU friend also had a significant interaction effect with their own injection drug use on EDT. For both women and men, recruitment site (New York), having health insurance, and prior methadone treatment were significant predictors of EDT. Conclusion: The findings may be useful in developing gender-differentiated drug counseling and treatment efforts that engage women's sex partners and men's friendship networks to build support for drug treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)73-79
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Issue number2
StatePublished - Dec 4 2009



  • Gender comparisons
  • Network
  • Partner characteristics
  • Puerto Rican drug users
  • Utilization of drug treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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