Gay-Straight Alliances, Inclusive Policy, and School Climate: LGBTQ Youths’ Experiences of Social Support and Bullying

Jack K. Day, Jessica N. Fish, Arnold Grossman, Stephen T. Russell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Gay-Straight Alliances (GSA) and school policies focused on support for lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer/questioning youth may reduce bias-based bullying and enhance social supports in schools. Using multivariate regression, we tested the relationship between youth reports of the presence of GSAs and LGBTQ-focused policies, independently and mutually, with experiences bullying and perceived support (n = 1,061). Youth reported higher classmate support in the presence of GSAs and higher teacher support in the presence of LGBTQ-focused policies; the presence of both GSAs and LGBTQ-focused policies was associated with less bullying and higher perceived classmate and teacher support. The findings indicate that GSAs and LGBTQ-focused policies are distinctly and mutually important for fostering safer and more supportive school climates for youth.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Research on Adolescence
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

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alliance policy
German Sociological Association
Bullying
school climate
Climate
Social Support
social support
exclusion
experience
school policy
Transgender Persons
teacher
Foster Home Care
regression
Sexual Minorities
trend
school

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cultural Studies
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

Cite this

Gay-Straight Alliances, Inclusive Policy, and School Climate : LGBTQ Youths’ Experiences of Social Support and Bullying. / Day, Jack K.; Fish, Jessica N.; Grossman, Arnold; Russell, Stephen T.

In: Journal of Research on Adolescence, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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