Gang involvement and the health of African American female adolescents.

Gina M. Wingood, Ralph DiClemente, Rick Crosby, Kathy Harrington, Susan L. Davies, Edward W. Hook

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between gang involvement and female adolescents' health. METHODS: African American adolescent females (N = 522) completed a survey that assessed their history of gang involvement and health behaviors and provided specimens that were analyzed for marijuana use and sexually transmitted diseases. RESULTS: In logistic regression analyses, adolescents with a history of gang involvement were more likely to have been expelled from school (odds ratio [OR]: 3.6), be a binge drinker (OR: 3.3), have a positive toxicologic test for marijuana (OR: 2.6), have been in 3 or more fights in the past 6 months (OR: 3.8), have a nonmonogamous partner (OR: 2.4), and test positive for Trichomonas vaginalis (OR: 2.2) and Neisseria gonorrhoeae (OR: 3.6). CONCLUSION: This study extends the current research on risk behaviors associated with gang involvement to include biological markers for substance use and sexual health outcomes, namely, marijuana use and sexually transmitted diseases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalPediatrics
Volume110
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2002

Fingerprint

African Americans
Odds Ratio
Health
Cannabis
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Trichomonas vaginalis
Neisseria gonorrhoeae
Reproductive Health
Health Behavior
Risk-Taking
Biomarkers
Logistic Models
Regression Analysis
Research

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

Wingood, G. M., DiClemente, R., Crosby, R., Harrington, K., Davies, S. L., & Hook, E. W. (2002). Gang involvement and the health of African American female adolescents. Pediatrics, 110(5). https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.110.5.e57

Gang involvement and the health of African American female adolescents. / Wingood, Gina M.; DiClemente, Ralph; Crosby, Rick; Harrington, Kathy; Davies, Susan L.; Hook, Edward W.

In: Pediatrics, Vol. 110, No. 5, 01.01.2002.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Wingood, GM, DiClemente, R, Crosby, R, Harrington, K, Davies, SL & Hook, EW 2002, 'Gang involvement and the health of African American female adolescents.', Pediatrics, vol. 110, no. 5. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.110.5.e57
Wingood, Gina M. ; DiClemente, Ralph ; Crosby, Rick ; Harrington, Kathy ; Davies, Susan L. ; Hook, Edward W. / Gang involvement and the health of African American female adolescents. In: Pediatrics. 2002 ; Vol. 110, No. 5.
@article{3e6e7f9f64a34066a4b0e66e925e9282,
title = "Gang involvement and the health of African American female adolescents.",
abstract = "OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between gang involvement and female adolescents' health. METHODS: African American adolescent females (N = 522) completed a survey that assessed their history of gang involvement and health behaviors and provided specimens that were analyzed for marijuana use and sexually transmitted diseases. RESULTS: In logistic regression analyses, adolescents with a history of gang involvement were more likely to have been expelled from school (odds ratio [OR]: 3.6), be a binge drinker (OR: 3.3), have a positive toxicologic test for marijuana (OR: 2.6), have been in 3 or more fights in the past 6 months (OR: 3.8), have a nonmonogamous partner (OR: 2.4), and test positive for Trichomonas vaginalis (OR: 2.2) and Neisseria gonorrhoeae (OR: 3.6). CONCLUSION: This study extends the current research on risk behaviors associated with gang involvement to include biological markers for substance use and sexual health outcomes, namely, marijuana use and sexually transmitted diseases.",
author = "Wingood, {Gina M.} and Ralph DiClemente and Rick Crosby and Kathy Harrington and Davies, {Susan L.} and Hook, {Edward W.}",
year = "2002",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1542/peds.110.5.e57",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "110",
journal = "Pediatrics",
issn = "0031-4005",
publisher = "American Academy of Pediatrics",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Gang involvement and the health of African American female adolescents.

AU - Wingood, Gina M.

AU - DiClemente, Ralph

AU - Crosby, Rick

AU - Harrington, Kathy

AU - Davies, Susan L.

AU - Hook, Edward W.

PY - 2002/1/1

Y1 - 2002/1/1

N2 - OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between gang involvement and female adolescents' health. METHODS: African American adolescent females (N = 522) completed a survey that assessed their history of gang involvement and health behaviors and provided specimens that were analyzed for marijuana use and sexually transmitted diseases. RESULTS: In logistic regression analyses, adolescents with a history of gang involvement were more likely to have been expelled from school (odds ratio [OR]: 3.6), be a binge drinker (OR: 3.3), have a positive toxicologic test for marijuana (OR: 2.6), have been in 3 or more fights in the past 6 months (OR: 3.8), have a nonmonogamous partner (OR: 2.4), and test positive for Trichomonas vaginalis (OR: 2.2) and Neisseria gonorrhoeae (OR: 3.6). CONCLUSION: This study extends the current research on risk behaviors associated with gang involvement to include biological markers for substance use and sexual health outcomes, namely, marijuana use and sexually transmitted diseases.

AB - OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between gang involvement and female adolescents' health. METHODS: African American adolescent females (N = 522) completed a survey that assessed their history of gang involvement and health behaviors and provided specimens that were analyzed for marijuana use and sexually transmitted diseases. RESULTS: In logistic regression analyses, adolescents with a history of gang involvement were more likely to have been expelled from school (odds ratio [OR]: 3.6), be a binge drinker (OR: 3.3), have a positive toxicologic test for marijuana (OR: 2.6), have been in 3 or more fights in the past 6 months (OR: 3.8), have a nonmonogamous partner (OR: 2.4), and test positive for Trichomonas vaginalis (OR: 2.2) and Neisseria gonorrhoeae (OR: 3.6). CONCLUSION: This study extends the current research on risk behaviors associated with gang involvement to include biological markers for substance use and sexual health outcomes, namely, marijuana use and sexually transmitted diseases.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=18844472848&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=18844472848&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1542/peds.110.5.e57

DO - 10.1542/peds.110.5.e57

M3 - Article

VL - 110

JO - Pediatrics

JF - Pediatrics

SN - 0031-4005

IS - 5

ER -