GABAergic antagonists block the inhibitory effects of serotonin in the lateral amygdala: a mechanism for modulation of sensory inputs related to fear conditioning.

G. E. Stutzmann, Joseph Ledoux

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Neurons in the lateral amygdala (LA) receive glutamatergic sensory input from the auditory thalamus and auditory cortex, and these inputs can be modulated by serotonin (5-HT). In the present study, we examined whether serotonergic inhibition of glutamatatergic excitation in the LA occurs via activation of GABAergic interneurons. Single-unit extracellular activity in the LA was recorded in response to iontophoretically applied glutamate. Concurrent application of 5-HT reduced the number of glutamate-evoked action potentials in the majority of neurons tested. GABA antagonists were then iontophoresed with both glutamate and 5-HT. Of the neurons that were inhibited by 5-HT, concurrent application of the GABA antagonists significantly reversed this effect. Application of the GABA antagonists alone had little or no effect on basal neuronal activity. We conclude that the 5-HT-induced inhibition of glutamatergic activity occurs in part through activation of serotonergic receptors on GABAergic interneurons.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Neuroscience
Volume19
Issue number11
StatePublished - 1999

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Amygdala
Fear
Serotonin
GABA Antagonists
Glutamic Acid
Interneurons
Neurons
Auditory Cortex
Thalamus
Evoked Potentials
Action Potentials
Conditioning (Psychology)

Cite this

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abstract = "Neurons in the lateral amygdala (LA) receive glutamatergic sensory input from the auditory thalamus and auditory cortex, and these inputs can be modulated by serotonin (5-HT). In the present study, we examined whether serotonergic inhibition of glutamatatergic excitation in the LA occurs via activation of GABAergic interneurons. Single-unit extracellular activity in the LA was recorded in response to iontophoretically applied glutamate. Concurrent application of 5-HT reduced the number of glutamate-evoked action potentials in the majority of neurons tested. GABA antagonists were then iontophoresed with both glutamate and 5-HT. Of the neurons that were inhibited by 5-HT, concurrent application of the GABA antagonists significantly reversed this effect. Application of the GABA antagonists alone had little or no effect on basal neuronal activity. We conclude that the 5-HT-induced inhibition of glutamatergic activity occurs in part through activation of serotonergic receptors on GABAergic interneurons.",
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T1 - GABAergic antagonists block the inhibitory effects of serotonin in the lateral amygdala

T2 - a mechanism for modulation of sensory inputs related to fear conditioning.

AU - Stutzmann, G. E.

AU - Ledoux, Joseph

PY - 1999

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N2 - Neurons in the lateral amygdala (LA) receive glutamatergic sensory input from the auditory thalamus and auditory cortex, and these inputs can be modulated by serotonin (5-HT). In the present study, we examined whether serotonergic inhibition of glutamatatergic excitation in the LA occurs via activation of GABAergic interneurons. Single-unit extracellular activity in the LA was recorded in response to iontophoretically applied glutamate. Concurrent application of 5-HT reduced the number of glutamate-evoked action potentials in the majority of neurons tested. GABA antagonists were then iontophoresed with both glutamate and 5-HT. Of the neurons that were inhibited by 5-HT, concurrent application of the GABA antagonists significantly reversed this effect. Application of the GABA antagonists alone had little or no effect on basal neuronal activity. We conclude that the 5-HT-induced inhibition of glutamatergic activity occurs in part through activation of serotonergic receptors on GABAergic interneurons.

AB - Neurons in the lateral amygdala (LA) receive glutamatergic sensory input from the auditory thalamus and auditory cortex, and these inputs can be modulated by serotonin (5-HT). In the present study, we examined whether serotonergic inhibition of glutamatatergic excitation in the LA occurs via activation of GABAergic interneurons. Single-unit extracellular activity in the LA was recorded in response to iontophoretically applied glutamate. Concurrent application of 5-HT reduced the number of glutamate-evoked action potentials in the majority of neurons tested. GABA antagonists were then iontophoresed with both glutamate and 5-HT. Of the neurons that were inhibited by 5-HT, concurrent application of the GABA antagonists significantly reversed this effect. Application of the GABA antagonists alone had little or no effect on basal neuronal activity. We conclude that the 5-HT-induced inhibition of glutamatergic activity occurs in part through activation of serotonergic receptors on GABAergic interneurons.

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