From the heart to the mind's eye: Cardiac vagal tone is related to visual perception of fearful faces at high spatial frequency

Gewnhi Park, Jay J. Van Bavel, Michael W. Vasey, Eric J L Egan, Julian F. Thayer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The neurovisceral integration model (. Thayer and Lane, 2000) proposes that vagally mediated heart rate variability (HRV)-an index of cardiac vagal tone-is associated with autonomic flexibility and emotional self-regulation. Two experiments examined the relationship between vagally mediated HRV and visual perception of affectively significant stimuli at different spatial frequencies. In Experiment 1, HRV was positively correlated with superior performance discriminating the . emotion of affectively significant (i.e., fearful) faces at high spatial frequency (HSF). In Experiment 2, processing goals moderated the relationship between HRV and successful discrimination of HSF fearful faces. In contrast to Experiment 1, discriminating the . expressiveness of HSF fearful faces was not correlated with HRV. The current research suggests that HRV is positively associated with superior visual discrimination of affectively significant stimuli at high spatial frequency, and this relationship may be sensitive to the top-down influence of different processing goals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)171-178
Number of pages8
JournalBiological Psychology
Volume90
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2012

Fingerprint

Visual Perception
Heart Rate
Emotions
Research

Keywords

  • Cardiac vagal tone
  • Emotion
  • Perception
  • Spatial frequency

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

Cite this

From the heart to the mind's eye : Cardiac vagal tone is related to visual perception of fearful faces at high spatial frequency. / Park, Gewnhi; Van Bavel, Jay J.; Vasey, Michael W.; Egan, Eric J L; Thayer, Julian F.

In: Biological Psychology, Vol. 90, No. 2, 05.2012, p. 171-178.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Park, Gewnhi ; Van Bavel, Jay J. ; Vasey, Michael W. ; Egan, Eric J L ; Thayer, Julian F. / From the heart to the mind's eye : Cardiac vagal tone is related to visual perception of fearful faces at high spatial frequency. In: Biological Psychology. 2012 ; Vol. 90, No. 2. pp. 171-178.
@article{b036b8f9924243079ecd9de62c4c73f6,
title = "From the heart to the mind's eye: Cardiac vagal tone is related to visual perception of fearful faces at high spatial frequency",
abstract = "The neurovisceral integration model (. Thayer and Lane, 2000) proposes that vagally mediated heart rate variability (HRV)-an index of cardiac vagal tone-is associated with autonomic flexibility and emotional self-regulation. Two experiments examined the relationship between vagally mediated HRV and visual perception of affectively significant stimuli at different spatial frequencies. In Experiment 1, HRV was positively correlated with superior performance discriminating the . emotion of affectively significant (i.e., fearful) faces at high spatial frequency (HSF). In Experiment 2, processing goals moderated the relationship between HRV and successful discrimination of HSF fearful faces. In contrast to Experiment 1, discriminating the . expressiveness of HSF fearful faces was not correlated with HRV. The current research suggests that HRV is positively associated with superior visual discrimination of affectively significant stimuli at high spatial frequency, and this relationship may be sensitive to the top-down influence of different processing goals.",
keywords = "Cardiac vagal tone, Emotion, Perception, Spatial frequency",
author = "Gewnhi Park and {Van Bavel}, {Jay J.} and Vasey, {Michael W.} and Egan, {Eric J L} and Thayer, {Julian F.}",
year = "2012",
month = "5",
doi = "10.1016/j.biopsycho.2012.02.012",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "90",
pages = "171--178",
journal = "Biological Psychology",
issn = "0019-493X",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - From the heart to the mind's eye

T2 - Cardiac vagal tone is related to visual perception of fearful faces at high spatial frequency

AU - Park, Gewnhi

AU - Van Bavel, Jay J.

AU - Vasey, Michael W.

AU - Egan, Eric J L

AU - Thayer, Julian F.

PY - 2012/5

Y1 - 2012/5

N2 - The neurovisceral integration model (. Thayer and Lane, 2000) proposes that vagally mediated heart rate variability (HRV)-an index of cardiac vagal tone-is associated with autonomic flexibility and emotional self-regulation. Two experiments examined the relationship between vagally mediated HRV and visual perception of affectively significant stimuli at different spatial frequencies. In Experiment 1, HRV was positively correlated with superior performance discriminating the . emotion of affectively significant (i.e., fearful) faces at high spatial frequency (HSF). In Experiment 2, processing goals moderated the relationship between HRV and successful discrimination of HSF fearful faces. In contrast to Experiment 1, discriminating the . expressiveness of HSF fearful faces was not correlated with HRV. The current research suggests that HRV is positively associated with superior visual discrimination of affectively significant stimuli at high spatial frequency, and this relationship may be sensitive to the top-down influence of different processing goals.

AB - The neurovisceral integration model (. Thayer and Lane, 2000) proposes that vagally mediated heart rate variability (HRV)-an index of cardiac vagal tone-is associated with autonomic flexibility and emotional self-regulation. Two experiments examined the relationship between vagally mediated HRV and visual perception of affectively significant stimuli at different spatial frequencies. In Experiment 1, HRV was positively correlated with superior performance discriminating the . emotion of affectively significant (i.e., fearful) faces at high spatial frequency (HSF). In Experiment 2, processing goals moderated the relationship between HRV and successful discrimination of HSF fearful faces. In contrast to Experiment 1, discriminating the . expressiveness of HSF fearful faces was not correlated with HRV. The current research suggests that HRV is positively associated with superior visual discrimination of affectively significant stimuli at high spatial frequency, and this relationship may be sensitive to the top-down influence of different processing goals.

KW - Cardiac vagal tone

KW - Emotion

KW - Perception

KW - Spatial frequency

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84859764030&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84859764030&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.biopsycho.2012.02.012

DO - 10.1016/j.biopsycho.2012.02.012

M3 - Article

C2 - 22391523

AN - SCOPUS:84859764030

VL - 90

SP - 171

EP - 178

JO - Biological Psychology

JF - Biological Psychology

SN - 0019-493X

IS - 2

ER -