From the general to the specific: How social trust motivates relational trust

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

When people form beliefs about the trustworthiness of others with respect to particular matters (i.e., when individuals trust), theory suggests that they rely on preexistent cognitive schemas regarding the general cooperativeness of individuals and organizations (i.e., social trust). In spite of prior work, the impact of social trust on relational trust-or what Russell Hardin (2002) calls trust as a three-part relation where actor A trusts actor B with reference to matter Y-is not well established. Four vignette experiments were administered to Amazon.com Mechanical Turk workers (N = 1388 and N = 1419) and to public university undergraduate students (N = 995 and N = 956) in order to investigate the relationship between social trust and relational trust. Measures of general social trust and particular social trust produced statistically equivalent effects that were positively associated with relational trust. Political trust, however, was statistically unrelated to relational trust. These results support the idea that people rely on schemas and stereotypes concerned with the general cooperativeness and helpfulness of others when forming beliefs about another person's trustworthiness with respect to a particular matter at hand.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)16-30
Number of pages15
JournalSocial Science Research
Volume55
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

Fingerprint

trustworthiness
Turk
stereotype
worker
human being
university
experiment
student

Keywords

  • Correlated random-effects model
  • General social trust
  • Particular social trust
  • Political trust
  • Relational trust
  • Social trust
  • Web-based vignette experiment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

From the general to the specific : How social trust motivates relational trust. / Robbins, Blaine.

In: Social Science Research, Vol. 55, 01.01.2016, p. 16-30.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{27b471b80a994573ae421bfa2aa3fd78,
title = "From the general to the specific: How social trust motivates relational trust",
abstract = "When people form beliefs about the trustworthiness of others with respect to particular matters (i.e., when individuals trust), theory suggests that they rely on preexistent cognitive schemas regarding the general cooperativeness of individuals and organizations (i.e., social trust). In spite of prior work, the impact of social trust on relational trust-or what Russell Hardin (2002) calls trust as a three-part relation where actor A trusts actor B with reference to matter Y-is not well established. Four vignette experiments were administered to Amazon.com Mechanical Turk workers (N = 1388 and N = 1419) and to public university undergraduate students (N = 995 and N = 956) in order to investigate the relationship between social trust and relational trust. Measures of general social trust and particular social trust produced statistically equivalent effects that were positively associated with relational trust. Political trust, however, was statistically unrelated to relational trust. These results support the idea that people rely on schemas and stereotypes concerned with the general cooperativeness and helpfulness of others when forming beliefs about another person's trustworthiness with respect to a particular matter at hand.",
keywords = "Correlated random-effects model, General social trust, Particular social trust, Political trust, Relational trust, Social trust, Web-based vignette experiment",
author = "Blaine Robbins",
year = "2016",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.ssresearch.2015.09.004",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "55",
pages = "16--30",
journal = "Social Science Research",
issn = "0049-089X",
publisher = "Academic Press Inc.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - From the general to the specific

T2 - How social trust motivates relational trust

AU - Robbins, Blaine

PY - 2016/1/1

Y1 - 2016/1/1

N2 - When people form beliefs about the trustworthiness of others with respect to particular matters (i.e., when individuals trust), theory suggests that they rely on preexistent cognitive schemas regarding the general cooperativeness of individuals and organizations (i.e., social trust). In spite of prior work, the impact of social trust on relational trust-or what Russell Hardin (2002) calls trust as a three-part relation where actor A trusts actor B with reference to matter Y-is not well established. Four vignette experiments were administered to Amazon.com Mechanical Turk workers (N = 1388 and N = 1419) and to public university undergraduate students (N = 995 and N = 956) in order to investigate the relationship between social trust and relational trust. Measures of general social trust and particular social trust produced statistically equivalent effects that were positively associated with relational trust. Political trust, however, was statistically unrelated to relational trust. These results support the idea that people rely on schemas and stereotypes concerned with the general cooperativeness and helpfulness of others when forming beliefs about another person's trustworthiness with respect to a particular matter at hand.

AB - When people form beliefs about the trustworthiness of others with respect to particular matters (i.e., when individuals trust), theory suggests that they rely on preexistent cognitive schemas regarding the general cooperativeness of individuals and organizations (i.e., social trust). In spite of prior work, the impact of social trust on relational trust-or what Russell Hardin (2002) calls trust as a three-part relation where actor A trusts actor B with reference to matter Y-is not well established. Four vignette experiments were administered to Amazon.com Mechanical Turk workers (N = 1388 and N = 1419) and to public university undergraduate students (N = 995 and N = 956) in order to investigate the relationship between social trust and relational trust. Measures of general social trust and particular social trust produced statistically equivalent effects that were positively associated with relational trust. Political trust, however, was statistically unrelated to relational trust. These results support the idea that people rely on schemas and stereotypes concerned with the general cooperativeness and helpfulness of others when forming beliefs about another person's trustworthiness with respect to a particular matter at hand.

KW - Correlated random-effects model

KW - General social trust

KW - Particular social trust

KW - Political trust

KW - Relational trust

KW - Social trust

KW - Web-based vignette experiment

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84944232504&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84944232504&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.ssresearch.2015.09.004

DO - 10.1016/j.ssresearch.2015.09.004

M3 - Article

C2 - 26680285

AN - SCOPUS:84944232504

VL - 55

SP - 16

EP - 30

JO - Social Science Research

JF - Social Science Research

SN - 0049-089X

ER -