From the day they are born: A qualitative study exploring violence against children with disabilities in West Africa

Janet Njelesani, Goli Hashemi, Cathy Cameron, Deb Cameron, Danielle Richard, Penny Parnes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Despite the building evidence on violence against children globally, almost nothing is known about the violence children with disabilities in low and middle-income countries (LMICs) experience. The prevalence of violence against children with disabilities can be expected to be higher in LMICs where there are greater stigmas associated with having a child with a disability, less resources for families who have children with disabilities, and wider acceptance of the use of corporal punishment to discipline children. This study explores violence experienced by children with disabilities based on data collected from four countries in West Africa- Guinea, Niger, Sierra Leone, and Togo. Methods: A qualitative study design guided data generation with a total of 419 children, community members, and disability stakeholders. Participants were selected using purposive sampling. Stakeholders shared their observations of or experiences of violence against children with disabilities in their community in interviews and focus groups. Thematic analysis guided data analysis and identified patterns of meaning among participants' experiences. Results: Results illuminate that children with disabilities experience violence more than non-disabled children, episodes of violence start at birth, and that how children with disabilities participate in their communities contributes to their different experiences of violence. Conclusions: The study recommends policy-oriented actions and prevention programs that include children and their families in strategizing ways to address violence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number153
JournalBMC Public Health
Volume18
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 17 2018

Fingerprint

Western Africa
Disabled Children
Violence
Sierra Leone
Togo
Guinea
Niger
Punishment
Focus Groups
Parturition
Interviews

Keywords

  • Child protection
  • Disability
  • Guinea
  • Niger
  • Qualitative
  • Sierra Leone
  • Togo

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

From the day they are born : A qualitative study exploring violence against children with disabilities in West Africa. / Njelesani, Janet; Hashemi, Goli; Cameron, Cathy; Cameron, Deb; Richard, Danielle; Parnes, Penny.

In: BMC Public Health, Vol. 18, No. 1, 153, 17.01.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Njelesani, Janet ; Hashemi, Goli ; Cameron, Cathy ; Cameron, Deb ; Richard, Danielle ; Parnes, Penny. / From the day they are born : A qualitative study exploring violence against children with disabilities in West Africa. In: BMC Public Health. 2018 ; Vol. 18, No. 1.
@article{4f53c01eee4443a9bb264d3bb22eff2d,
title = "From the day they are born: A qualitative study exploring violence against children with disabilities in West Africa",
abstract = "Background: Despite the building evidence on violence against children globally, almost nothing is known about the violence children with disabilities in low and middle-income countries (LMICs) experience. The prevalence of violence against children with disabilities can be expected to be higher in LMICs where there are greater stigmas associated with having a child with a disability, less resources for families who have children with disabilities, and wider acceptance of the use of corporal punishment to discipline children. This study explores violence experienced by children with disabilities based on data collected from four countries in West Africa- Guinea, Niger, Sierra Leone, and Togo. Methods: A qualitative study design guided data generation with a total of 419 children, community members, and disability stakeholders. Participants were selected using purposive sampling. Stakeholders shared their observations of or experiences of violence against children with disabilities in their community in interviews and focus groups. Thematic analysis guided data analysis and identified patterns of meaning among participants' experiences. Results: Results illuminate that children with disabilities experience violence more than non-disabled children, episodes of violence start at birth, and that how children with disabilities participate in their communities contributes to their different experiences of violence. Conclusions: The study recommends policy-oriented actions and prevention programs that include children and their families in strategizing ways to address violence.",
keywords = "Child protection, Disability, Guinea, Niger, Qualitative, Sierra Leone, Togo",
author = "Janet Njelesani and Goli Hashemi and Cathy Cameron and Deb Cameron and Danielle Richard and Penny Parnes",
year = "2018",
month = "1",
day = "17",
doi = "10.1186/s12889-018-5057-x",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "18",
journal = "BMC Public Health",
issn = "1471-2458",
publisher = "BioMed Central",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - From the day they are born

T2 - A qualitative study exploring violence against children with disabilities in West Africa

AU - Njelesani, Janet

AU - Hashemi, Goli

AU - Cameron, Cathy

AU - Cameron, Deb

AU - Richard, Danielle

AU - Parnes, Penny

PY - 2018/1/17

Y1 - 2018/1/17

N2 - Background: Despite the building evidence on violence against children globally, almost nothing is known about the violence children with disabilities in low and middle-income countries (LMICs) experience. The prevalence of violence against children with disabilities can be expected to be higher in LMICs where there are greater stigmas associated with having a child with a disability, less resources for families who have children with disabilities, and wider acceptance of the use of corporal punishment to discipline children. This study explores violence experienced by children with disabilities based on data collected from four countries in West Africa- Guinea, Niger, Sierra Leone, and Togo. Methods: A qualitative study design guided data generation with a total of 419 children, community members, and disability stakeholders. Participants were selected using purposive sampling. Stakeholders shared their observations of or experiences of violence against children with disabilities in their community in interviews and focus groups. Thematic analysis guided data analysis and identified patterns of meaning among participants' experiences. Results: Results illuminate that children with disabilities experience violence more than non-disabled children, episodes of violence start at birth, and that how children with disabilities participate in their communities contributes to their different experiences of violence. Conclusions: The study recommends policy-oriented actions and prevention programs that include children and their families in strategizing ways to address violence.

AB - Background: Despite the building evidence on violence against children globally, almost nothing is known about the violence children with disabilities in low and middle-income countries (LMICs) experience. The prevalence of violence against children with disabilities can be expected to be higher in LMICs where there are greater stigmas associated with having a child with a disability, less resources for families who have children with disabilities, and wider acceptance of the use of corporal punishment to discipline children. This study explores violence experienced by children with disabilities based on data collected from four countries in West Africa- Guinea, Niger, Sierra Leone, and Togo. Methods: A qualitative study design guided data generation with a total of 419 children, community members, and disability stakeholders. Participants were selected using purposive sampling. Stakeholders shared their observations of or experiences of violence against children with disabilities in their community in interviews and focus groups. Thematic analysis guided data analysis and identified patterns of meaning among participants' experiences. Results: Results illuminate that children with disabilities experience violence more than non-disabled children, episodes of violence start at birth, and that how children with disabilities participate in their communities contributes to their different experiences of violence. Conclusions: The study recommends policy-oriented actions and prevention programs that include children and their families in strategizing ways to address violence.

KW - Child protection

KW - Disability

KW - Guinea

KW - Niger

KW - Qualitative

KW - Sierra Leone

KW - Togo

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85040790527&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85040790527&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1186/s12889-018-5057-x

DO - 10.1186/s12889-018-5057-x

M3 - Article

C2 - 29343234

AN - SCOPUS:85040790527

VL - 18

JO - BMC Public Health

JF - BMC Public Health

SN - 1471-2458

IS - 1

M1 - 153

ER -