From schelling to spatially explicit modeling of urban ethnic and economic residential dynamics

Itzhak Benenson, Erez Hatna, Ehud Or

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The robustness of outcomes to the parameterization of behavioral rules is a crucial property of any model aimed at simulating complex human systems. Schelling model of residential segregation satisfies this criterion. Based on the recently available high-resolution census GIS, we apply Schelling model for investigating urban population patterns at the resolution of individual buildings and families. First, we simulate ethnic residential dynamics in Yaffo (an area of Tel Aviv), and demonstrate good quantitative correspondence for a 40-year period. Second, we investigate income-based residential patterns in nine Israeli cities, reveal their high heterogeneity, and explain the latter by the presence of low fraction of wealthier householders who are tolerant of their poorer neighbors and reside in their proximity. We extend Schelling model in this direction and demonstrate qualitative correspondence between the model's outcomes and the observed income-based residential patterns.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)463-497
Number of pages35
JournalSociological Methods and Research
Volume37
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2009

Fingerprint

economics
income
urban population
segregation
Israeli
Geographical Information System
building
census

Keywords

  • High-resolution GIS
  • Schelling model
  • Social simulation
  • Urban residential dynamics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

From schelling to spatially explicit modeling of urban ethnic and economic residential dynamics. / Benenson, Itzhak; Hatna, Erez; Or, Ehud.

In: Sociological Methods and Research, Vol. 37, No. 4, 05.2009, p. 463-497.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{34e0659a291248d78c429eb845e96473,
title = "From schelling to spatially explicit modeling of urban ethnic and economic residential dynamics",
abstract = "The robustness of outcomes to the parameterization of behavioral rules is a crucial property of any model aimed at simulating complex human systems. Schelling model of residential segregation satisfies this criterion. Based on the recently available high-resolution census GIS, we apply Schelling model for investigating urban population patterns at the resolution of individual buildings and families. First, we simulate ethnic residential dynamics in Yaffo (an area of Tel Aviv), and demonstrate good quantitative correspondence for a 40-year period. Second, we investigate income-based residential patterns in nine Israeli cities, reveal their high heterogeneity, and explain the latter by the presence of low fraction of wealthier householders who are tolerant of their poorer neighbors and reside in their proximity. We extend Schelling model in this direction and demonstrate qualitative correspondence between the model's outcomes and the observed income-based residential patterns.",
keywords = "High-resolution GIS, Schelling model, Social simulation, Urban residential dynamics",
author = "Itzhak Benenson and Erez Hatna and Ehud Or",
year = "2009",
month = "5",
doi = "10.1177/0049124109334792",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "37",
pages = "463--497",
journal = "Sociological Methods and Research",
issn = "0049-1241",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - From schelling to spatially explicit modeling of urban ethnic and economic residential dynamics

AU - Benenson, Itzhak

AU - Hatna, Erez

AU - Or, Ehud

PY - 2009/5

Y1 - 2009/5

N2 - The robustness of outcomes to the parameterization of behavioral rules is a crucial property of any model aimed at simulating complex human systems. Schelling model of residential segregation satisfies this criterion. Based on the recently available high-resolution census GIS, we apply Schelling model for investigating urban population patterns at the resolution of individual buildings and families. First, we simulate ethnic residential dynamics in Yaffo (an area of Tel Aviv), and demonstrate good quantitative correspondence for a 40-year period. Second, we investigate income-based residential patterns in nine Israeli cities, reveal their high heterogeneity, and explain the latter by the presence of low fraction of wealthier householders who are tolerant of their poorer neighbors and reside in their proximity. We extend Schelling model in this direction and demonstrate qualitative correspondence between the model's outcomes and the observed income-based residential patterns.

AB - The robustness of outcomes to the parameterization of behavioral rules is a crucial property of any model aimed at simulating complex human systems. Schelling model of residential segregation satisfies this criterion. Based on the recently available high-resolution census GIS, we apply Schelling model for investigating urban population patterns at the resolution of individual buildings and families. First, we simulate ethnic residential dynamics in Yaffo (an area of Tel Aviv), and demonstrate good quantitative correspondence for a 40-year period. Second, we investigate income-based residential patterns in nine Israeli cities, reveal their high heterogeneity, and explain the latter by the presence of low fraction of wealthier householders who are tolerant of their poorer neighbors and reside in their proximity. We extend Schelling model in this direction and demonstrate qualitative correspondence between the model's outcomes and the observed income-based residential patterns.

KW - High-resolution GIS

KW - Schelling model

KW - Social simulation

KW - Urban residential dynamics

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=66249093166&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=66249093166&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/0049124109334792

DO - 10.1177/0049124109334792

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:66249093166

VL - 37

SP - 463

EP - 497

JO - Sociological Methods and Research

JF - Sociological Methods and Research

SN - 0049-1241

IS - 4

ER -