From pork to policy

The rise of programmatic campaigning in Japanese elections

Amy Catalinac

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    We examine two related propositions central to the subfield of comparative politics: that candidates for office adopt different electoral strategies under different electoral systems and rely more on particularism when faced with intraparty competition. We apply an innovative methodological approach that combines probabilistic topic modeling with in-depth qualitative interpretations of each topic to an original collection of 7,497 Japanese-language candidate election manifestos used in elections on either side of Japan's 1994 electoral reform. We find that the reform, which eliminated intraparty competition, was associated with a decline in particularism and an increase in promises of programmatic goods such as national security among candidates affiliated with Japan's Liberal Democratic Party. This is not explained by the entry of new candidates or other variables that could plausibly increase discussion of national security. Consistent with the theory, we find that opposition candidates relied on programmatic goods under both electoral systems.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)1-18
    Number of pages18
    JournalJournal of Politics
    Volume78
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

    Fingerprint

    candidacy
    election
    particularism
    electoral system
    national security
    election manifesto
    Japan
    reform
    opposition
    interpretation
    politics
    language

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Sociology and Political Science

    Cite this

    From pork to policy : The rise of programmatic campaigning in Japanese elections. / Catalinac, Amy.

    In: Journal of Politics, Vol. 78, No. 1, 01.01.2016, p. 1-18.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    @article{a586b1f2dbb64c6f91a29dbd2d04662a,
    title = "From pork to policy: The rise of programmatic campaigning in Japanese elections",
    abstract = "We examine two related propositions central to the subfield of comparative politics: that candidates for office adopt different electoral strategies under different electoral systems and rely more on particularism when faced with intraparty competition. We apply an innovative methodological approach that combines probabilistic topic modeling with in-depth qualitative interpretations of each topic to an original collection of 7,497 Japanese-language candidate election manifestos used in elections on either side of Japan's 1994 electoral reform. We find that the reform, which eliminated intraparty competition, was associated with a decline in particularism and an increase in promises of programmatic goods such as national security among candidates affiliated with Japan's Liberal Democratic Party. This is not explained by the entry of new candidates or other variables that could plausibly increase discussion of national security. Consistent with the theory, we find that opposition candidates relied on programmatic goods under both electoral systems.",
    author = "Amy Catalinac",
    year = "2016",
    month = "1",
    day = "1",
    doi = "10.1086/683073",
    language = "English (US)",
    volume = "78",
    pages = "1--18",
    journal = "Journal of Politics",
    issn = "0022-3816",
    publisher = "Cambridge University Press",
    number = "1",

    }

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - From pork to policy

    T2 - The rise of programmatic campaigning in Japanese elections

    AU - Catalinac, Amy

    PY - 2016/1/1

    Y1 - 2016/1/1

    N2 - We examine two related propositions central to the subfield of comparative politics: that candidates for office adopt different electoral strategies under different electoral systems and rely more on particularism when faced with intraparty competition. We apply an innovative methodological approach that combines probabilistic topic modeling with in-depth qualitative interpretations of each topic to an original collection of 7,497 Japanese-language candidate election manifestos used in elections on either side of Japan's 1994 electoral reform. We find that the reform, which eliminated intraparty competition, was associated with a decline in particularism and an increase in promises of programmatic goods such as national security among candidates affiliated with Japan's Liberal Democratic Party. This is not explained by the entry of new candidates or other variables that could plausibly increase discussion of national security. Consistent with the theory, we find that opposition candidates relied on programmatic goods under both electoral systems.

    AB - We examine two related propositions central to the subfield of comparative politics: that candidates for office adopt different electoral strategies under different electoral systems and rely more on particularism when faced with intraparty competition. We apply an innovative methodological approach that combines probabilistic topic modeling with in-depth qualitative interpretations of each topic to an original collection of 7,497 Japanese-language candidate election manifestos used in elections on either side of Japan's 1994 electoral reform. We find that the reform, which eliminated intraparty competition, was associated with a decline in particularism and an increase in promises of programmatic goods such as national security among candidates affiliated with Japan's Liberal Democratic Party. This is not explained by the entry of new candidates or other variables that could plausibly increase discussion of national security. Consistent with the theory, we find that opposition candidates relied on programmatic goods under both electoral systems.

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84983364811&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84983364811&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.1086/683073

    DO - 10.1086/683073

    M3 - Article

    VL - 78

    SP - 1

    EP - 18

    JO - Journal of Politics

    JF - Journal of Politics

    SN - 0022-3816

    IS - 1

    ER -