From Macroscopic to Mesoscopic Models of Chromatin Folding

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

An overview of the evolution of macroscale to mesoscale computer models for simulation of chromatin, the protein nucleic acid fiber that stores the DNA in higher organisms, is presented. Many biological questions concerning fiber structure remain a puzzle. The sheer size and range of spatial and temporal scales require tailored multiscale models. Our first-generation macroscopic models ignored histone tail flexibility but generated insights info preferred zigzag configurations and folding/unfolding dynamics. The second-generation mesoscale models incorporate histone tail flexibility, linker histones, and divalent ion effects to reveal the profound compaction induced by linker histones and the polymorphic fiber architecture at divalent salt environments, with a small fraction of the linker DNAs bent rather than straight for optimal compaction. Our chromatin model can be extended further to study many important biological questions concerning posttranslational modifications, fiber dimension variations as a function of linker DNA length variations, and higher-order fiber topologies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMultiscale Methods: Bridging the Scales in Science and Engineering
PublisherOxford University Press
ISBN (Print)9780191715532, 9780199233854
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2009

Fingerprint

Chromatin
Folding
Fiber
Compaction
Tail
Flexibility
Multiscale Model
Model
Zigzag
Computer Model
Unfolding
Salt
Straight
Higher Order
Topology
Protein
Configuration
Range of data
Simulation

Keywords

  • Chromatin folding
  • Histone tails
  • Mesoscale modeling
  • Nucleosome
  • Solenoid
  • Zigzag

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mathematics(all)

Cite this

Schlick, T. (2009). From Macroscopic to Mesoscopic Models of Chromatin Folding. In Multiscale Methods: Bridging the Scales in Science and Engineering Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233854.003.0015

From Macroscopic to Mesoscopic Models of Chromatin Folding. / Schlick, Tamar.

Multiscale Methods: Bridging the Scales in Science and Engineering. Oxford University Press, 2009.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Schlick, T 2009, From Macroscopic to Mesoscopic Models of Chromatin Folding. in Multiscale Methods: Bridging the Scales in Science and Engineering. Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233854.003.0015
Schlick T. From Macroscopic to Mesoscopic Models of Chromatin Folding. In Multiscale Methods: Bridging the Scales in Science and Engineering. Oxford University Press. 2009 https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233854.003.0015
Schlick, Tamar. / From Macroscopic to Mesoscopic Models of Chromatin Folding. Multiscale Methods: Bridging the Scales in Science and Engineering. Oxford University Press, 2009.
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