Fragment Quantum Mechanical Method for Large-Sized Ion-Water Clusters

Jinfeng Liu, Lian Wen Qi, John Zhang, Xiao He

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Fragmentation methods have been widely studied for computing quantum mechanical (QM) energy of medium-sized water clusters, but less attention has been paid to large-sized ion-water clusters, in which many-body QM interaction is more significant, because of the charge-transfer effect between ions and water molecules. In this study, we utilized electrostatically embedded generalized molecular fractionation (EE-GMF) method for full QM calculation of the large-sized ion-water clusters (up to 15 Na+ and 15 Cl- ions solvated with 119 water molecules). Through systematic validation using different fragment sizes, we show that, by using distance thresholds of 6 Å for both the two-body and three-body QM interactions, the EE-GMF method is capable of providing accurate ground-state energies of large-sized ion-water clusters at different ab initio levels (including HF, B3LYP, M06-2X, and MP2) with significantly reduced computational cost. The deviations of EE-GMF from full system calculations are within a few kcal/mol. The result clearly shows that the calculated energies of the ion-water clusters using EE-GMF are close to converge after the distance thresholds are larger than 6 Å for both the two-body and three-body QM interactions. This study underscores the importance of the three-body interactions in ion-water clusters. The EE-GMF method can also accurately reproduce the relative energy profiles of the ion-water clusters.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2021-2034
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Chemical Theory and Computation
Volume13
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 9 2017

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Heavy ions
fragments
Water
Fractionation
fractionation
water
ions
Ions
interactions
Molecules
thresholds
energy
quantum computation
Ground state
Charge transfer
molecules
fragmentation
charge transfer
costs
deviation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

Fragment Quantum Mechanical Method for Large-Sized Ion-Water Clusters. / Liu, Jinfeng; Qi, Lian Wen; Zhang, John; He, Xiao.

In: Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation, Vol. 13, No. 5, 09.05.2017, p. 2021-2034.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Liu, Jinfeng ; Qi, Lian Wen ; Zhang, John ; He, Xiao. / Fragment Quantum Mechanical Method for Large-Sized Ion-Water Clusters. In: Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation. 2017 ; Vol. 13, No. 5. pp. 2021-2034.
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