Four-year-olds' beliefs about how others regard males and females

May Ling Halim, Diane N. Ruble, Catherine Tamis-Lemonda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Children's awareness of how others evaluate their gender could influence their behaviours and well-being, yet little is known about when this awareness develops and what influences its emergence. The current study investigated culturally diverse 4-year-olds' (N = 240) public regard for gender groups and whether exposure to factors that convey status and highlight gender influenced it. Children were asked whether most people thought (i) girls or boys, and (ii) women or men, were better. Overall, children thought others more positively evaluated their own gender. However more TV exposure and, among girls only, more traditional parental division of housework predicted children stating that others thought boys were better, suggesting more awareness of greater male status. Children's public regard was distinct from their personal attitudes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)128-135
Number of pages8
JournalBritish Journal of Developmental Psychology
Volume31
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2013

Fingerprint

Housekeeping

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Developmental Neuroscience

Cite this

Four-year-olds' beliefs about how others regard males and females. / Halim, May Ling; Ruble, Diane N.; Tamis-Lemonda, Catherine.

In: British Journal of Developmental Psychology, Vol. 31, No. 1, 03.2013, p. 128-135.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{4d6e733ed08e48e996e328455df3dd37,
title = "Four-year-olds' beliefs about how others regard males and females",
abstract = "Children's awareness of how others evaluate their gender could influence their behaviours and well-being, yet little is known about when this awareness develops and what influences its emergence. The current study investigated culturally diverse 4-year-olds' (N = 240) public regard for gender groups and whether exposure to factors that convey status and highlight gender influenced it. Children were asked whether most people thought (i) girls or boys, and (ii) women or men, were better. Overall, children thought others more positively evaluated their own gender. However more TV exposure and, among girls only, more traditional parental division of housework predicted children stating that others thought boys were better, suggesting more awareness of greater male status. Children's public regard was distinct from their personal attitudes.",
author = "Halim, {May Ling} and Ruble, {Diane N.} and Catherine Tamis-Lemonda",
year = "2013",
month = "3",
doi = "10.1111/j.2044-835X.2012.02084.x",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "31",
pages = "128--135",
journal = "British Journal of Developmental Psychology",
issn = "0261-510X",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Four-year-olds' beliefs about how others regard males and females

AU - Halim, May Ling

AU - Ruble, Diane N.

AU - Tamis-Lemonda, Catherine

PY - 2013/3

Y1 - 2013/3

N2 - Children's awareness of how others evaluate their gender could influence their behaviours and well-being, yet little is known about when this awareness develops and what influences its emergence. The current study investigated culturally diverse 4-year-olds' (N = 240) public regard for gender groups and whether exposure to factors that convey status and highlight gender influenced it. Children were asked whether most people thought (i) girls or boys, and (ii) women or men, were better. Overall, children thought others more positively evaluated their own gender. However more TV exposure and, among girls only, more traditional parental division of housework predicted children stating that others thought boys were better, suggesting more awareness of greater male status. Children's public regard was distinct from their personal attitudes.

AB - Children's awareness of how others evaluate their gender could influence their behaviours and well-being, yet little is known about when this awareness develops and what influences its emergence. The current study investigated culturally diverse 4-year-olds' (N = 240) public regard for gender groups and whether exposure to factors that convey status and highlight gender influenced it. Children were asked whether most people thought (i) girls or boys, and (ii) women or men, were better. Overall, children thought others more positively evaluated their own gender. However more TV exposure and, among girls only, more traditional parental division of housework predicted children stating that others thought boys were better, suggesting more awareness of greater male status. Children's public regard was distinct from their personal attitudes.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84872506494&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84872506494&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/j.2044-835X.2012.02084.x

DO - 10.1111/j.2044-835X.2012.02084.x

M3 - Article

C2 - 23331111

AN - SCOPUS:84872506494

VL - 31

SP - 128

EP - 135

JO - British Journal of Developmental Psychology

JF - British Journal of Developmental Psychology

SN - 0261-510X

IS - 1

ER -