Formation of nanoparticle rings on heterogeneous soft surfaces

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Many soft materials, such as block copolymers and micelles, are characterized by a tunable organization that can be exploited for formation of nanostructures. In this work, drying patterns, formed when nanoparticle solutions are spin coated on ultrathin films of the block copolymer poly[styrene-b-ethylenepropylene] (PS-PEP), are investigated as a function of the film's organization. Prior to particle deposition, thermal annealing was used to adjust the polymer film organization between a layer of PS-PEP micelles (no annealing) and a bilayer with a uniform PEP 'polymer brush' layer on top of an underlying layer of PS (extensive annealing). For intermediately annealed films, ring-shaped drying patterns consisting of as few as 5 or as many as 30 nanoparticles are observed. The nanorings are polydisperse with a diameter between 15 and 50 nm, and cover macroscopic surface areas of the film. It is suggested that these rings form as a consequence of inhomogeneous drying of particle solutions due to heterogeneities in the film structure, as deposition of nanoparticles on extensively annealed, uniform films did not produce rings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1483-1488
Number of pages6
JournalNanotechnology
Volume15
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2004

Fingerprint

Nanoparticles
nanoparticles
rings
Drying
Micelles
Annealing
drying
Block copolymers
Nanorings
block copolymers
annealing
Styrene
micelles
Ultrathin films
Brushes
Polymer films
Nanostructures
Polymers
brushes
polymers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Formation of nanoparticle rings on heterogeneous soft surfaces. / Liu, Zhen; Levicky, Rastislav.

In: Nanotechnology, Vol. 15, No. 11, 11.2004, p. 1483-1488.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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