Food lobbies, the food pyramid, and U.S. nutrition policy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The U.S. Department of Agriculture's 1991 withdrawal of its Eating Right Pyramid food guide in response to pressure from meat and dairy producers was only the latest in a long series of industry attempts to influence federal dietary recommendations. Such attempts began when diet-related health problems in the United States shifted in prevalence from nutrient deficiencies to chronic diseases, and dietary advice shifted from 'eat more' to 'eat less.' The Pyramid controversy focuses attention on the conflict between federal protection of the rights of food lobbyists to act in their own self-interest, and federal responsibility to promote the nutritional health of the public. Since 1977, for example, under pressure from meat producers, federal dietary advice has evolved from 'decrease consumption of meat' to 'have two or three (daily) servings.' Thus, this recent incident also highlights the inherent conflict of interest in the Department of Agriculture's dual mandates to promote U.S. agricultural products and to advise the public about healthy food choices.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)483-496
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Health Services
Volume23
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1993

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nutrition policy
Nutrition Policy
lobby
Meat
food
Food
producer
agriculture
conflict of interest
health
eating behavior
Pressure
United States Department of Agriculture
withdrawal
Conflict of Interest
agricultural product
incident
Agriculture
Disease
Industry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Nursing(all)
  • Health(social science)
  • Health Professions(all)

Cite this

Food lobbies, the food pyramid, and U.S. nutrition policy. / Nestle, Marion.

In: International Journal of Health Services, Vol. 23, No. 3, 1993, p. 483-496.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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