Fluorescent particle tracers for surface flow measurements

A proof of concept in a natural stream

F. Tauro, S. Grimaldi, A. Petroselli, Maurizio Porfiri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In this paper, a new particle tracer for surface hydrology is proposed. The approach leverages the complementary advantages offered by particle-tracking velocimetry and traditional tracing technologies, such as dyes and chemicals, toward a practically feasible and low-cost measurement system. Specifically, the proposed methodology is based on the detection and tracking of buoyant fluorescent microspheres through an experimental system that incorporates ultraviolet lamps to elicit the fluorescence response and a digital camera to record the particle transit. This low-cost measurement system can be used in a variety of natural settings ranging from small-scale streams to rills with scales on the order of a few centimeters in hillslopes. The use of insoluble buoyant particles reduces the amount of tracing material for experimental measurements. Further, particles' enhanced fluorescence allows for noninvasive flow characterization, that is, for nonintrusively detecting the tracer without deploying probes and samplers in the water. A proof of concept experiment for the proposed methodology is conducted on the Rio Cordon, a natural mountainous stream in the Italian Alps. Flow measurements at selected stream cross sections and travel time experiments on varying stream reaches are performed to ascertain the feasibility of fluorescent particle tracers. Such experimental findings demonstrate that the particles are visible in complex natural streams and are effective in estimating flow velocities and travel times.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberW06528
JournalWater Resources Research
Volume48
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2012

Fingerprint

flow measurement
tracer
travel time
fluorescence
methodology
particle
hillslope
cost
flow velocity
sampler
dye
hydrology
cross section
experiment
probe

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Water Science and Technology

Cite this

Fluorescent particle tracers for surface flow measurements : A proof of concept in a natural stream. / Tauro, F.; Grimaldi, S.; Petroselli, A.; Porfiri, Maurizio.

In: Water Resources Research, Vol. 48, No. 6, W06528, 2012.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{089ff9b893114c89b6822c21938550db,
title = "Fluorescent particle tracers for surface flow measurements: A proof of concept in a natural stream",
abstract = "In this paper, a new particle tracer for surface hydrology is proposed. The approach leverages the complementary advantages offered by particle-tracking velocimetry and traditional tracing technologies, such as dyes and chemicals, toward a practically feasible and low-cost measurement system. Specifically, the proposed methodology is based on the detection and tracking of buoyant fluorescent microspheres through an experimental system that incorporates ultraviolet lamps to elicit the fluorescence response and a digital camera to record the particle transit. This low-cost measurement system can be used in a variety of natural settings ranging from small-scale streams to rills with scales on the order of a few centimeters in hillslopes. The use of insoluble buoyant particles reduces the amount of tracing material for experimental measurements. Further, particles' enhanced fluorescence allows for noninvasive flow characterization, that is, for nonintrusively detecting the tracer without deploying probes and samplers in the water. A proof of concept experiment for the proposed methodology is conducted on the Rio Cordon, a natural mountainous stream in the Italian Alps. Flow measurements at selected stream cross sections and travel time experiments on varying stream reaches are performed to ascertain the feasibility of fluorescent particle tracers. Such experimental findings demonstrate that the particles are visible in complex natural streams and are effective in estimating flow velocities and travel times.",
author = "F. Tauro and S. Grimaldi and A. Petroselli and Maurizio Porfiri",
year = "2012",
doi = "10.1029/2011WR011610",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "48",
journal = "Water Resources Research",
issn = "0043-1397",
publisher = "American Geophysical Union",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Fluorescent particle tracers for surface flow measurements

T2 - A proof of concept in a natural stream

AU - Tauro, F.

AU - Grimaldi, S.

AU - Petroselli, A.

AU - Porfiri, Maurizio

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - In this paper, a new particle tracer for surface hydrology is proposed. The approach leverages the complementary advantages offered by particle-tracking velocimetry and traditional tracing technologies, such as dyes and chemicals, toward a practically feasible and low-cost measurement system. Specifically, the proposed methodology is based on the detection and tracking of buoyant fluorescent microspheres through an experimental system that incorporates ultraviolet lamps to elicit the fluorescence response and a digital camera to record the particle transit. This low-cost measurement system can be used in a variety of natural settings ranging from small-scale streams to rills with scales on the order of a few centimeters in hillslopes. The use of insoluble buoyant particles reduces the amount of tracing material for experimental measurements. Further, particles' enhanced fluorescence allows for noninvasive flow characterization, that is, for nonintrusively detecting the tracer without deploying probes and samplers in the water. A proof of concept experiment for the proposed methodology is conducted on the Rio Cordon, a natural mountainous stream in the Italian Alps. Flow measurements at selected stream cross sections and travel time experiments on varying stream reaches are performed to ascertain the feasibility of fluorescent particle tracers. Such experimental findings demonstrate that the particles are visible in complex natural streams and are effective in estimating flow velocities and travel times.

AB - In this paper, a new particle tracer for surface hydrology is proposed. The approach leverages the complementary advantages offered by particle-tracking velocimetry and traditional tracing technologies, such as dyes and chemicals, toward a practically feasible and low-cost measurement system. Specifically, the proposed methodology is based on the detection and tracking of buoyant fluorescent microspheres through an experimental system that incorporates ultraviolet lamps to elicit the fluorescence response and a digital camera to record the particle transit. This low-cost measurement system can be used in a variety of natural settings ranging from small-scale streams to rills with scales on the order of a few centimeters in hillslopes. The use of insoluble buoyant particles reduces the amount of tracing material for experimental measurements. Further, particles' enhanced fluorescence allows for noninvasive flow characterization, that is, for nonintrusively detecting the tracer without deploying probes and samplers in the water. A proof of concept experiment for the proposed methodology is conducted on the Rio Cordon, a natural mountainous stream in the Italian Alps. Flow measurements at selected stream cross sections and travel time experiments on varying stream reaches are performed to ascertain the feasibility of fluorescent particle tracers. Such experimental findings demonstrate that the particles are visible in complex natural streams and are effective in estimating flow velocities and travel times.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84862871457&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84862871457&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1029/2011WR011610

DO - 10.1029/2011WR011610

M3 - Article

VL - 48

JO - Water Resources Research

JF - Water Resources Research

SN - 0043-1397

IS - 6

M1 - W06528

ER -