Fluctuational instabilities of alkali and noble metal nanowires

J. Bürki, C. A. Stafford, D. L. Stein

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    Abstract

    We introduce a continuum approach to studying the lifetimes of monovalent metal nanowires. By modelling the thermal fluctuations of cylindrical nanowires through the use of stochastic Ginzburg-Landau classical field theories, we construct a self-consistent approach to the fluctuation-induced "necking" of nanowires. Our theory provides quantitative estimates of the lifetimes for alkali metal nanowires in the conductance range 10 < G/G0 < 100 (where G0 = 2e2/h is the conductance quantum), and allows us to account for qualitative differences in the conductance histograms of alkali vs. noble metal nanowires.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Title of host publicationProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
    EditorsZ. Gingl, J.M. Sancho, L. Schimansky-Geier, J. Kertesz
    Pages367-379
    Number of pages13
    Volume5471
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 2004
    EventNoise in Complex Systems and Stochastic Dynamics II - Maspalomas
    Duration: May 26 2004May 28 2004

    Other

    OtherNoise in Complex Systems and Stochastic Dynamics II
    CityMaspalomas
    Period5/26/045/28/04

    Fingerprint

    Alkali metals
    Precious metals
    noble metals
    alkali metals
    Nanowires
    nanowires
    life (durability)
    Continuum mechanics
    histograms
    alkalies
    continuums
    estimates
    Metals
    metals

    Keywords

    • Lifetime
    • Nanowires
    • Thermal fluctuations

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
    • Condensed Matter Physics

    Cite this

    Bürki, J., Stafford, C. A., & Stein, D. L. (2004). Fluctuational instabilities of alkali and noble metal nanowires. In Z. Gingl, J. M. Sancho, L. Schimansky-Geier, & J. Kertesz (Eds.), Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering (Vol. 5471, pp. 367-379) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.546590

    Fluctuational instabilities of alkali and noble metal nanowires. / Bürki, J.; Stafford, C. A.; Stein, D. L.

    Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. ed. / Z. Gingl; J.M. Sancho; L. Schimansky-Geier; J. Kertesz. Vol. 5471 2004. p. 367-379.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    Bürki, J, Stafford, CA & Stein, DL 2004, Fluctuational instabilities of alkali and noble metal nanowires. in Z Gingl, JM Sancho, L Schimansky-Geier & J Kertesz (eds), Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. vol. 5471, pp. 367-379, Noise in Complex Systems and Stochastic Dynamics II, Maspalomas, 5/26/04. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.546590
    Bürki J, Stafford CA, Stein DL. Fluctuational instabilities of alkali and noble metal nanowires. In Gingl Z, Sancho JM, Schimansky-Geier L, Kertesz J, editors, Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. Vol. 5471. 2004. p. 367-379 https://doi.org/10.1117/12.546590
    Bürki, J. ; Stafford, C. A. ; Stein, D. L. / Fluctuational instabilities of alkali and noble metal nanowires. Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. editor / Z. Gingl ; J.M. Sancho ; L. Schimansky-Geier ; J. Kertesz. Vol. 5471 2004. pp. 367-379
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