Flow visualization using transparent synthetic soils

J. Liu, Magued Iskander, K. Tabe, K. Kosterelos

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Transparent materials including glass beads or quartz powder have been used to help in understanding flow processes through the soil. However, glass and quartz surrogates are limited by both their poor transparency and their inability to represent the geotechnical properties of soils. This paper demonstrates the feasibility of producing transparent soils made of amorphous silica gels or powders and liquids with matching refractive indices that can be used for modeling flow in soils, while representing the macroscopic geotechnical properties of a wide range of soils including sands and clays. Movement of a contaminant through soil was modeled. A clear pore fluid made of clear calcium bromide brine was used. A red dye was mixed in a mineral oil solution to represent contamination. The concentration of the oil-soluble dye solutions with known concentrations was simulated. These tests demonstrate that transparent synthetic soil can be used to visualize and non-intrusively measure pollutant transport in natural soils.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 16th International Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering: Geotechnology in Harmony with the Global Environment
Pages2411-2414
Number of pages4
Volume4
StatePublished - 2005
Event16th International Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering: Geotechnology in Harmony with the Global Environment, ICSMGE 2005 - Osaka, Japan
Duration: Sep 12 2005Sep 16 2005

Other

Other16th International Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering: Geotechnology in Harmony with the Global Environment, ICSMGE 2005
CountryJapan
CityOsaka
Period9/12/059/16/05

Fingerprint

Flow visualization
visualization
Soils
soil
quartz
dyes
glass
powders
geotechnical property
Quartz
dye
mineral oil
refractive index
Dyes
soil pollution
silica gel
bromides
Powders
Glass
flow modeling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Soil Science
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology

Cite this

Liu, J., Iskander, M., Tabe, K., & Kosterelos, K. (2005). Flow visualization using transparent synthetic soils. In Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering: Geotechnology in Harmony with the Global Environment (Vol. 4, pp. 2411-2414)

Flow visualization using transparent synthetic soils. / Liu, J.; Iskander, Magued; Tabe, K.; Kosterelos, K.

Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering: Geotechnology in Harmony with the Global Environment. Vol. 4 2005. p. 2411-2414.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Liu, J, Iskander, M, Tabe, K & Kosterelos, K 2005, Flow visualization using transparent synthetic soils. in Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering: Geotechnology in Harmony with the Global Environment. vol. 4, pp. 2411-2414, 16th International Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering: Geotechnology in Harmony with the Global Environment, ICSMGE 2005, Osaka, Japan, 9/12/05.
Liu J, Iskander M, Tabe K, Kosterelos K. Flow visualization using transparent synthetic soils. In Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering: Geotechnology in Harmony with the Global Environment. Vol. 4. 2005. p. 2411-2414
Liu, J. ; Iskander, Magued ; Tabe, K. ; Kosterelos, K. / Flow visualization using transparent synthetic soils. Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering: Geotechnology in Harmony with the Global Environment. Vol. 4 2005. pp. 2411-2414
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