Flanking base effects on the structural conformation of the (+)-trans-anti-benzo[a]pyrene diolepoxide adduct to N2-dG in sequence-defined oligonucleotides

M. Suh, R. Jankowiak, F. Ariese, B. Mao, Nicholas Geacintov, G. J. Small

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Conformations of the trans adduct of (+)-anti-benzo[a]pyrene -7,8-dihydrodiol-9,10-epoxide (BPDE) to N2-guanine, the major stable DNA adduct of the environmental carcinogen benzo[a]pyrene, were studied as a function of flanking bases in single-stranded and in double-stranded oligonucleotides. Three 11mer oligonucleotides d(CTAT-G1G2G3TATC) were synthesized containing the (+)-trans-anti-BPDE adduct at one specific guanine of the GGG sequence (a known mutational hot spot). Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of the three single-stranded oligonucleotides showed that the adduct bound to G2 or G3 (5'-flanking base guanine) caused significantly stronger retardation than the same adduct bound to G1 (5'-flanking base thymine). The strength of the carcinogen-base interaction was reflected in the spectroscopic properties of the pyrenyl moiety. Low temperature fluorescence measurements under line-narrowing (FLN) or non-line-narrowing (NLN) conditions showed that in single-stranded form the adduct at G2 or G3 (5'-flanking base guanine) adopts a conformation with strong interaction with the bases. This was also observed for the same adduct at the sequence AGA. In contrast, the (+)-trans-anti-BPDE adduct with a 5'-flanking thymine exists in a primarily helix-external conformation. Similar differences were observed in the double-stranded oligonucleotides: the adducts at G2 and G3 were found to exist in similar conformational equilibria, again with significant carcinogen-base interactions, while the adduct at G1 showed a predominantly external conformation. The nature of the 3'-flanking base appeared to have little influence on the conformational equilibrium of the (+)-trans-anti-BPDE-guanine adduct. The results could provide insight into the mutational specificity and flanking base effects observed for (+)-anti-BPDE.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2891-2898
Number of pages8
JournalCarcinogenesis
Volume15
Issue number12
StatePublished - 1994

Fingerprint

7,8-Dihydro-7,8-dihydroxybenzo(a)pyrene 9,10-oxide
Oligonucleotides
Benzo(a)pyrene
Pyrene
Conformation
Carcinogens
Guanine
Conformations
Thymine
Interaction
Hot Spot
Helix
Polyacrylates
Electrophoresis
Fluorescence
Environmental Carcinogens
Specificity
Gels
DNA Adducts
Line

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Physiology
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

Cite this

Flanking base effects on the structural conformation of the (+)-trans-anti-benzo[a]pyrene diolepoxide adduct to N2-dG in sequence-defined oligonucleotides. / Suh, M.; Jankowiak, R.; Ariese, F.; Mao, B.; Geacintov, Nicholas; Small, G. J.

In: Carcinogenesis, Vol. 15, No. 12, 1994, p. 2891-2898.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Conformations of the trans adduct of (+)-anti-benzo[a]pyrene -7,8-dihydrodiol-9,10-epoxide (BPDE) to N2-guanine, the major stable DNA adduct of the environmental carcinogen benzo[a]pyrene, were studied as a function of flanking bases in single-stranded and in double-stranded oligonucleotides. Three 11mer oligonucleotides d(CTAT-G1G2G3TATC) were synthesized containing the (+)-trans-anti-BPDE adduct at one specific guanine of the GGG sequence (a known mutational hot spot). Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of the three single-stranded oligonucleotides showed that the adduct bound to G2 or G3 (5'-flanking base guanine) caused significantly stronger retardation than the same adduct bound to G1 (5'-flanking base thymine). The strength of the carcinogen-base interaction was reflected in the spectroscopic properties of the pyrenyl moiety. Low temperature fluorescence measurements under line-narrowing (FLN) or non-line-narrowing (NLN) conditions showed that in single-stranded form the adduct at G2 or G3 (5'-flanking base guanine) adopts a conformation with strong interaction with the bases. This was also observed for the same adduct at the sequence AGA. In contrast, the (+)-trans-anti-BPDE adduct with a 5'-flanking thymine exists in a primarily helix-external conformation. Similar differences were observed in the double-stranded oligonucleotides: the adducts at G2 and G3 were found to exist in similar conformational equilibria, again with significant carcinogen-base interactions, while the adduct at G1 showed a predominantly external conformation. The nature of the 3'-flanking base appeared to have little influence on the conformational equilibrium of the (+)-trans-anti-BPDE-guanine adduct. The results could provide insight into the mutational specificity and flanking base effects observed for (+)-anti-BPDE.",
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AU - Geacintov, Nicholas

AU - Small, G. J.

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AB - Conformations of the trans adduct of (+)-anti-benzo[a]pyrene -7,8-dihydrodiol-9,10-epoxide (BPDE) to N2-guanine, the major stable DNA adduct of the environmental carcinogen benzo[a]pyrene, were studied as a function of flanking bases in single-stranded and in double-stranded oligonucleotides. Three 11mer oligonucleotides d(CTAT-G1G2G3TATC) were synthesized containing the (+)-trans-anti-BPDE adduct at one specific guanine of the GGG sequence (a known mutational hot spot). Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of the three single-stranded oligonucleotides showed that the adduct bound to G2 or G3 (5'-flanking base guanine) caused significantly stronger retardation than the same adduct bound to G1 (5'-flanking base thymine). The strength of the carcinogen-base interaction was reflected in the spectroscopic properties of the pyrenyl moiety. Low temperature fluorescence measurements under line-narrowing (FLN) or non-line-narrowing (NLN) conditions showed that in single-stranded form the adduct at G2 or G3 (5'-flanking base guanine) adopts a conformation with strong interaction with the bases. This was also observed for the same adduct at the sequence AGA. In contrast, the (+)-trans-anti-BPDE adduct with a 5'-flanking thymine exists in a primarily helix-external conformation. Similar differences were observed in the double-stranded oligonucleotides: the adducts at G2 and G3 were found to exist in similar conformational equilibria, again with significant carcinogen-base interactions, while the adduct at G1 showed a predominantly external conformation. The nature of the 3'-flanking base appeared to have little influence on the conformational equilibrium of the (+)-trans-anti-BPDE-guanine adduct. The results could provide insight into the mutational specificity and flanking base effects observed for (+)-anti-BPDE.

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