Fish-robot interactions: Robot fish in animal behavioral studies

Sachit Butail, Nicole Abaid, Simone Macrí, Maurizio Porfiri

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

In this chapter, we focus on the use of robotic fish in animal behavior studies. Specifically, we describe the design and control of a low-cost robot along with accompanying enabling technologies for use in animal experiments. The robotic fish appearance and movement are inspired by the zebrafish animal model. The robot is capable of autonomous underwater operation. Two behavioral studies demonstrate the use of the robotic fish to test hypotheses on zebrafish social behavior. In the first study exploring zebrafish preference in a binary choice test, we find that the robot is able to elicit attraction in both individuals and small shoals when the other alternative is an empty compartment. At the same time, between conspecifics and the robot, zebrafish prefer the former, highlighting design choices that need further improvement. The second study describes the interaction between the robot and shoals of zebrafish in a free-swimming environment. The robot swims autonomously along predefined circular trajectories at three different speeds, corresponding to increasing tail-beat frequency. The robot is found to modulate zebrafish shoal cohesion, confirming expectations from the preference study result. In summary, the robotic fish platform described in this chapter provides a viable and fully controllable three-dimensional interactive tool for animal behavior experiments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSpringer Tracts in Mechanical Engineering
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Pages359-377
Number of pages19
Volume12
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

Publication series

NameSpringer Tracts in Mechanical Engineering
Volume12
ISSN (Print)2195-9862
ISSN (Electronic)2195-9870

Fingerprint

fishes
robots
Fish
animals
Animals
Robots
shoals
robotics
Robotics
interactions
beat frequencies
animal models
cohesion
compartments
attraction
platforms
Experiments
Trajectories
trajectories
Costs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Automotive Engineering
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Instrumentation

Cite this

Butail, S., Abaid, N., Macrí, S., & Porfiri, M. (2015). Fish-robot interactions: Robot fish in animal behavioral studies. In Springer Tracts in Mechanical Engineering (Vol. 12, pp. 359-377). (Springer Tracts in Mechanical Engineering; Vol. 12). Springer International Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-46870-8_12

Fish-robot interactions : Robot fish in animal behavioral studies. / Butail, Sachit; Abaid, Nicole; Macrí, Simone; Porfiri, Maurizio.

Springer Tracts in Mechanical Engineering. Vol. 12 Springer International Publishing, 2015. p. 359-377 (Springer Tracts in Mechanical Engineering; Vol. 12).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Butail, S, Abaid, N, Macrí, S & Porfiri, M 2015, Fish-robot interactions: Robot fish in animal behavioral studies. in Springer Tracts in Mechanical Engineering. vol. 12, Springer Tracts in Mechanical Engineering, vol. 12, Springer International Publishing, pp. 359-377. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-46870-8_12
Butail S, Abaid N, Macrí S, Porfiri M. Fish-robot interactions: Robot fish in animal behavioral studies. In Springer Tracts in Mechanical Engineering. Vol. 12. Springer International Publishing. 2015. p. 359-377. (Springer Tracts in Mechanical Engineering). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-46870-8_12
Butail, Sachit ; Abaid, Nicole ; Macrí, Simone ; Porfiri, Maurizio. / Fish-robot interactions : Robot fish in animal behavioral studies. Springer Tracts in Mechanical Engineering. Vol. 12 Springer International Publishing, 2015. pp. 359-377 (Springer Tracts in Mechanical Engineering).
@inbook{6c819cd2714f4ea6bfb86cad291a6723,
title = "Fish-robot interactions: Robot fish in animal behavioral studies",
abstract = "In this chapter, we focus on the use of robotic fish in animal behavior studies. Specifically, we describe the design and control of a low-cost robot along with accompanying enabling technologies for use in animal experiments. The robotic fish appearance and movement are inspired by the zebrafish animal model. The robot is capable of autonomous underwater operation. Two behavioral studies demonstrate the use of the robotic fish to test hypotheses on zebrafish social behavior. In the first study exploring zebrafish preference in a binary choice test, we find that the robot is able to elicit attraction in both individuals and small shoals when the other alternative is an empty compartment. At the same time, between conspecifics and the robot, zebrafish prefer the former, highlighting design choices that need further improvement. The second study describes the interaction between the robot and shoals of zebrafish in a free-swimming environment. The robot swims autonomously along predefined circular trajectories at three different speeds, corresponding to increasing tail-beat frequency. The robot is found to modulate zebrafish shoal cohesion, confirming expectations from the preference study result. In summary, the robotic fish platform described in this chapter provides a viable and fully controllable three-dimensional interactive tool for animal behavior experiments.",
author = "Sachit Butail and Nicole Abaid and Simone Macr{\'i} and Maurizio Porfiri",
year = "2015",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/978-3-662-46870-8_12",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "12",
series = "Springer Tracts in Mechanical Engineering",
publisher = "Springer International Publishing",
pages = "359--377",
booktitle = "Springer Tracts in Mechanical Engineering",

}

TY - CHAP

T1 - Fish-robot interactions

T2 - Robot fish in animal behavioral studies

AU - Butail, Sachit

AU - Abaid, Nicole

AU - Macrí, Simone

AU - Porfiri, Maurizio

PY - 2015/1/1

Y1 - 2015/1/1

N2 - In this chapter, we focus on the use of robotic fish in animal behavior studies. Specifically, we describe the design and control of a low-cost robot along with accompanying enabling technologies for use in animal experiments. The robotic fish appearance and movement are inspired by the zebrafish animal model. The robot is capable of autonomous underwater operation. Two behavioral studies demonstrate the use of the robotic fish to test hypotheses on zebrafish social behavior. In the first study exploring zebrafish preference in a binary choice test, we find that the robot is able to elicit attraction in both individuals and small shoals when the other alternative is an empty compartment. At the same time, between conspecifics and the robot, zebrafish prefer the former, highlighting design choices that need further improvement. The second study describes the interaction between the robot and shoals of zebrafish in a free-swimming environment. The robot swims autonomously along predefined circular trajectories at three different speeds, corresponding to increasing tail-beat frequency. The robot is found to modulate zebrafish shoal cohesion, confirming expectations from the preference study result. In summary, the robotic fish platform described in this chapter provides a viable and fully controllable three-dimensional interactive tool for animal behavior experiments.

AB - In this chapter, we focus on the use of robotic fish in animal behavior studies. Specifically, we describe the design and control of a low-cost robot along with accompanying enabling technologies for use in animal experiments. The robotic fish appearance and movement are inspired by the zebrafish animal model. The robot is capable of autonomous underwater operation. Two behavioral studies demonstrate the use of the robotic fish to test hypotheses on zebrafish social behavior. In the first study exploring zebrafish preference in a binary choice test, we find that the robot is able to elicit attraction in both individuals and small shoals when the other alternative is an empty compartment. At the same time, between conspecifics and the robot, zebrafish prefer the former, highlighting design choices that need further improvement. The second study describes the interaction between the robot and shoals of zebrafish in a free-swimming environment. The robot swims autonomously along predefined circular trajectories at three different speeds, corresponding to increasing tail-beat frequency. The robot is found to modulate zebrafish shoal cohesion, confirming expectations from the preference study result. In summary, the robotic fish platform described in this chapter provides a viable and fully controllable three-dimensional interactive tool for animal behavior experiments.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85027320215&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85027320215&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/978-3-662-46870-8_12

DO - 10.1007/978-3-662-46870-8_12

M3 - Chapter

AN - SCOPUS:85027320215

VL - 12

T3 - Springer Tracts in Mechanical Engineering

SP - 359

EP - 377

BT - Springer Tracts in Mechanical Engineering

PB - Springer International Publishing

ER -