First-Year Maternal Employment and Adolescent Externalizing Behavior

Anne Conway, Wen-Jui Han, Jeanne Brooks-Gunn, Jane Waldfogel

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Associations between first-year maternal employment and mother—and youth-reported externalizing behavior at age 15 were examined paying attention to potential mediating roles of home and child care environments by 36 months, effortful control at 54 months, and externalizing behavior at 54 months and middle childhood. We used data from the NICHD Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (n = 922 non-Hispanic White children) which is a prospective birth cohort study that followed children from birth to age 15. Full-time first-year maternal employment was associated with higher levels of externalizing behavior at age 15 through higher maternal depressive symptoms by 36 months, lower effortful control at 54 months, and higher externalizing behavior at 54 months and middle childhood. Part-time first-year maternal employment was not associated with higher externalizing behavior at age 15.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)2237-2251
    Number of pages15
    JournalJournal of Child and Family Studies
    Volume26
    Issue number8
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Aug 1 2017

    Fingerprint

    Adolescent Behavior
    Mothers
    adolescent
    Child Care
    child care
    childhood
    National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (U.S.)
    Parturition
    Home Care Services
    home care
    Cohort Studies
    Depression

    Keywords

    • Effortful control
    • Externalizing behavior
    • Maternal depression
    • Maternal employment
    • Maternal sensitivity

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Developmental and Educational Psychology
    • Life-span and Life-course Studies

    Cite this

    First-Year Maternal Employment and Adolescent Externalizing Behavior. / Conway, Anne; Han, Wen-Jui; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne; Waldfogel, Jane.

    In: Journal of Child and Family Studies, Vol. 26, No. 8, 01.08.2017, p. 2237-2251.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Conway, Anne ; Han, Wen-Jui ; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne ; Waldfogel, Jane. / First-Year Maternal Employment and Adolescent Externalizing Behavior. In: Journal of Child and Family Studies. 2017 ; Vol. 26, No. 8. pp. 2237-2251.
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